We discuss and comment on the role agriculture will play in the containment of the CO2 problem and address protocols for terraforming the planet Earth.
A model farm template is imagined as the central methodology. A broad range of timely science news and other topics of interest are commented on.
This is the first intact mastodon
skull found in Chile.Yet it is a reminder that the genus made it
not just into North America, but also into South America.
The extinction of large animals
in the Northern Hemisphere can be explained by the event that I have named the
Pleistocene nonconformity which initially decimated the extant
populations.We can easily surmise that
the remainder was hunted out by early man who had the tools.The problem I have with all that is the
African Elephant particularly.It never
was successfully hunted by well equipped local tribesmen before the advent of
That it could be hunted is
irrelevant, it simply never was properly exploited.Thus I find the human agency theory for both Americas
uncomfortable, just as the Pleistocene Nonconformity also failed to actually
eliminate all individuals.And the
argument of habitat change simply does not fly with a mastodon that eats brush.
As this item reminds us, this
creature was able to populate every valley on earth at will, and only a handful
ever pulled that feat off.
On top of that the mastodon was a
forest dweller, quite able to protect itself.Recall that no one in his right mind is going to sneak up on an elephant
in the woods and stick a spear into its gut.There is plenty of easier ways to make a meal.
They almost certainly would have
been trapped in a pit at the least.They
were also likely too clever to run over a cliff or even be stampeded. Certainly, African elephant do not look
likely to ever stampede, unless it is over their tormentors.
The fact remains that the genus
is incredibly successful.Yet we have
huge extinction events that can not be properly explained.Even the Indian Elephant avoided extinction
and it was exposed to some of the worse land disturbances if we accept the consequences
of the Nonconformity.In fact all
obvious threats are just as obviously survivable.These creatures were never thin on the ground
and vulnerable to over hunting at all.Besides, you would only learn to hunt them if they were common enough to
make it worthwhile.Even in Africa, that turned out to be an unattractive
On top of that, the end of the
Ice Age would have naturally expanded their range and they would have easily
adapted to warmer conditions.
One other option that does work
is that they were deliberately hunted out by an ancestral human stock with
access to modern tools.We could today
choose to eliminate all elephants quite easily and could also reduce or
eliminate a few other inconvenient large creatures.I prefer not to use that option, except that
the genus was just too successful globally to simply disappear easily.
Builders unearth 2million-year-old skull and tusks of elephant's
I have posted many times on the
need for forest refugia.Here we get
another lesson.The older trees grow mosses
and these mosses actually fix nitrogen which is then dropped onto the forest
In fact, proper forest husbandry
must include refugia in various shapes and sizes, but most likely best set in
narrow strips that perhaps go for miles.Such strips also cater to the needs of wildlife.Such strips are usually best set right along
the valley drainage to protect the fishery as well.Yet hillside strips are also called for.
This way planned timber
harvesting can follow decadal programs rather easily while also preserving a lot
of natural fertility and diversity.
Even better will be the day we
simply practice selective logging from time to time that includes extensive
brush clearing through burning.
I personally think that most
forestry needs to be privately owned with a quota system put in place and
designated refugia that is deliberately preserved.
This shows us another control
that can be put in place.Just license
the allowable cut on the basis of the number of healthy refugia trees whose age
exceeds a certain standard.Unhealthy
trees would be removed posthaste but then one would wait for their replacements
to reach the proper age before new cutting was allowed.That should motivate everyone to be good and
"You need trees that are large enough and old enough to start
accumulating mosses before you can have the cyanobacteria that are associated
with the mosses," says Lindo. "Many trees don't start to accumulate
mosses until they're more than 100 years old. So it's really the density
of very large, old trees that are draped in moss that is important at a forest
stand level. We surveyed trees that are estimated as being between
500 and 800 years old."
It appears the idea is to use
small local energy sources such as windmills to allow islands to be cut out of
the grid to prevent a failure mode from propagating further.I do not see how that could work but we may
presume there is a good reason for it, if only because it maintains a local
base load that allows time to side step the problem.
In the event, this is more toward
integrating alternative power into the grid in the best way possible.
If we have learned anything it is
that diverse distributed energy sources hugely increase the robustness of the grid
itself as was so recently shown in Japan were the wind is presently providing
some system reassurance.
K-State Research Channels Powerful Kansas Wind To Keep Electricity Running
wind can potentially provide abundant renewable energy that could power the
disconnected portion of the network. For data collecting and testing purposes,
the researchers plan to use the university's wind turbine north of campus, near
the intersection of Denison and Kimball avenues, as well as four other wind
turbines installed at the Riley County Public Works Facility.
One of Kansas'
most abundant natural resources may hold the key to preventing major power
outages. A team of KansasStateUniversity
engineers is researching ways to use Kansas
wind and other distributed energy sources to avoid cascading failures.
Sakshi Pahwa, doctoral student in electrical and computer engineering,
India, explored the topic for her recently completed master's project,
"Distributed Sources and Islanding to Mitigate Cascading Failures in Power
Grid Networks." The project was a winner at the recent Capitol Graduate
Research Summit in Topeka.
Pahwa's co-advisers on the project include Caterina Scoglio, associate
professor of electrical and computer engineering, and Noel Schulz, Paslay
professor of electrical and computer engineering and K-State's first lady.
Pahwa is continuing this work for her doctoral research under Scoglio and Ruth
Douglas Miller, associate professor of electrical and computer engineering.
The research looks at using distributed energy sources to avoid
cascading failures in power grids. A cascading failure occurs when an
interconnected part of a power system fails and then triggers successive parts
to fail - like the one that happened in the Northeast Blackout of 2003, a power
outage that affected 55 million people in the United
States and Canada.
To prevent cascading failures researchers are investigating a
technique called islanding, which works to minimize the impact of a power
system fault to a small area. Islanding prevents this fault from affecting
other areas and stops further disturbances in the network.
"We used a network partitioning algorithm, and then depending on
where the fault is I can disconnect that portion of the network," Pahwa
said. "That disconnected portion can then be powered using renewable or
distributed energy sources, such as wind turbines or solar panels, and the
remaining parts are still being powered by conventional sources."
wind can potentially provide abundant renewable energy that could power the
disconnected portion of the network. For data collecting and testing purposes,
the researchers plan to use the university's wind turbine north of campus, near
the intersection of Denison and Kimball avenues, as well as four other wind
turbines installed at the Riley County Public Works Facility.
The university turbine was installed for Wind for Schools, a project
led by Miller, director of the KansasWindApplicationCenter. The Riley County
wind turbines were installed for the Resourceful Kansas project, a cooperative
effort between Miller, Scoglio, Riley County and the Kansas City-based consulting firm GBA,
and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy.
"We need to set up power systems that are reliable and stable so
that when that wind is blowing, we can use that power, but when the wind isn't
blowing, there are also stable systems," Schulz said. "That's what
this project is about - modeling the network so we understand the different
aspects for when there are changes, when the wind blows, when it doesn't and
how that affects the power system."
Scoglio and Pahwa started the project when Pahwa was a master's
student. As they began studying complex network systems, they turned to Schulz,
a power grid expert who has done previous work with islanding. They also
collaborated with power systems expert Anil Pahwa, professor of electrical and
computer engineering, and Shelli Starrett, associate professor of electrical and
"With the proper design and the right intelligence, some of the
problems related to power failures can be prevented," Scoglio said.
"We need to make sure that the communication network will
monitor the network and detect the problem and will implement the reaction
securely to implement these solutions."
Sakshi Pahwa's research aims to not only study the problem from a
theoretical aspect, but also provide practical solutions to real-world
problems. It also fits in with the Renewable Energy Standards Act, which was
signed in 2009 and states that major Kansas utilities should be able to
generate about 10 percent of their power from renewable sources by 2011 and 20
percent by 2020.
"This project benefits the state because it reduces carbon
emissions through renewable energy," Pahwa said. "It is a good
opportunity to create jobs, and renewable energy incorporation is
also a support to the conventional sources so we don't need to import fuels
from other countries. It helps the economy as well."
Pahwa's research was supported by the four companies involved in the
K-State Electrical Power Affiliates Program:
Westar Energy, Burns and McDonnell, Nebraska Public Power District and Omaha
Public Power District. Schulz directs the program, which supports undergraduate
and graduate research programs.
"This research is a benefit for Kansas and the whole nation because
I think that innovation, coming from research and support from companies such
as those that are part of the power affiliates, can really bring the country
back to a better economic situation," Scoglio said. "Innovation comes
with jobs and can really improve the whole nation."
This item is important because we
may just have a genetic protocol for producing seedless plants on demand. It
may not be ready yet for prime time, but the possibility is now with us.
We forget that the seedless
cultivars we do have were never anyone’s first choice in terms of flavor and
many other characteristics.Suddenly we
can plan to optimize a variety and then proceed to produce a seedless
How about a better banana?
If this methodology can be
adapted to the rest of our universe of cultivars, we are about to witness a
revolution in flavor and quality.
My first nominee is to produce a
proper sweet seedless watermelon.From that
we can also produce dried watermelon without fuss.Both would have tremendous commercial value.
Just how many varieties of grapes
are there?I would love to eat a
strongly flavored concord grape without the seeds while retaining the interior
Mark Twain called it "the most delicious fruit known to man."
But the cherimoya, or custard apple, and its close relations the sugar apple
and soursop, also have lots of big, awkward seeds. Now new research by plant
scientists in the United States
could show how to make this and other fruits seedless.
Going seedless could be a big step for the fruit, said Charles Gasser,
professor of plant biology at
"This could be the next banana -- it would make it a lot more
popular," Gasser said. Bananas in their natural state have up to a hundred
seeds; all commercial varieties, of course, are seedless. A paper describing
the work is published March 14 in the journal Proceedings
of the National Academy of Sciences.
Researchers José Hormaza, Maria Herrero and graduate student Jorge Lora
at the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientiﬁcas in Malaga and Zaragoza,
Spain, studied the seedless variety of sugar apple. When they looked closely at
the fruit, they noticed that the ovules, which would normally form seeds,
lacked an outer coat.
They looked similar to the ovules of a mutant of the lab plant
Arabidopsis discovered by Gasser's lab at UC Davis in the late 1990s. In
Arabidopsis, the defective plants do not make seeds or fruit. But the mutant
sugar apple produces full-sized fruit with white, soft flesh without the large,
The Spanish team contacted Gasser, and Lora came from Malaga to work on the project in Gasser's
lab. He discovered that the same gene was responsible for uncoated ovules in
both the Arabidopsis and sugar apple mutants.
"This is the first characterization of a gene for seedlessness
in any crop plant," Gasser said.
Seedless varieties of commercial fruit crops are usually achieved by
selective breeding and then propagated vegetatively, for example through
Discovery of this new gene could open the way to produce seedless
varieties in sugar apple, cherimoya and perhaps other fruit crops.
The discovery also sheds light on the evolution of flowering plants,
Gasser said. Cherimoya and sugar apple belong to the magnolid family of plants,
which branched off from the other flowering plants quite early in their
"It's a link all the way back to the beginning of the
angiosperms," Gasser said.
For long suffering internet users
this is a little light at the end of the tunnel. The close cooperation between Microsoft and
Marshalls is likely a harbinger of things to come. Effective strategies to end this plague may
well be on the way. Tossing the perps in
jail is certainly a good start and will plausibly send the small fry packing.
No one objects to legitimate advertising
or even targeted advertising if only because sometimes you want to be the
target. The spammer’s only clients are
obviously criminal fronts for all sorts of doubtful product and free intrusive advertising
is their only way of penetrating the market.
Besides, I am getting tired of hitting the delete button every day to
dispose of another Viagra offer or Nigerian fraudster.
Of course the worst are
transmitting out of country and we have to try harder with them.
The only reason I control comment
access on this blog is to block multiple spam attempts which do appear at times
and they never quit in their efforts to bypass defenses.
World's biggest source of spam email shut down
The world's most prolific source of spam emails has been shut down in a
series of coordinated raids by Microsoft and US federal authorities.
Three Spanish men with 'limited' hacking experience are believed to be
behind the vast Mariposa botnet Photo: CLARE KENDALL
By Christopher Williams, Technology Correspondent 6:20PM GMT 18
The Rustock botnet, an international network of virus-infected
computers, had for years generated billions of emails per day, promoting
unlicensed online pharmacies and cut-price impotence pills.
But on Wednesday, security firms noticed email traffic from Rustock
completely collapsed. It has now been revealed that Microsoft, backed by US
Marshals acting on a court order, seized servers that it's estimated covertly
controlled almost a million Windows PCs.
“We think this has been 100 per cent effective," said Richard
Boscovich, senior attorney in Microsoft's digital crimes unit, according to the
Wall Street Journal.
The servers were rented from commercial internet hosting firms across
the Mid West, who were apparently unaware of their role in Rustock. These
"command and control" servers would issue instructions to infected
home and business PCs worldwide.
The criminals behind the spamming business were named in Microsoft’s
lawsuit only as “John Does 1-11”. To get the court order, which empowered it to
seize equipment and so "decapitate" the botnet, Microsoft alleged the
John Does infringed its trademarks in some of their emails.
The scale of the shut down is unprecedented. A report last month by
SecureWorks, a computer security firm, said Rustock was the world's biggest
source of spam.
“The reasons for this are due to the author’s relentless development of
stealth tactics,” it said, referring to how Rustock was frequently updated to
stay one step ahead of anti-virus packages.
Biblical research is a gift that
keeps on giving.It is our one clear
window into the lifeways of the Bronze Age and its culture.Other scraps have survived, but none so completely
as that of the Bible unless we accept much older lineages for some of the Indian
Scriptures.We should address that.
In the meantime, the original
pantheon consisted of Yahweh and Asherah which is mirrored by all the other pantheons
throughout the Near East.The cult of the one god appears to have been
tolerated up to the Babylonian exile when the leaders chose to effectively
suppress all other gods to create the modern Abrahamic religions.
acted as a religious crucible for the Mesopotamian – Hittite cults, The
Egyptian cults including Atan, and the Cult of Baal which appears to be at
least the Mediterranean Phoenician cult.We also have the Atlantean cult of Zeus and Poseidon identified.
It is startling to uncover ideas
and practice that properly explain the often otherwise unexplainable.Cross fertilization of these cults easily
produce and even explain the most bizarre assertions.
I wonder how many prayers to Yahweh
can be profitably rewritten as a prayer to the mother goddess.
GOD'S WIFE EDITED OUT OF THE BIBLE – ALMOST
God's wife, Asherah, was a powerful fertility goddess, according to a
God had a wife, Asherah, whom the Book of Kings suggests was worshiped
alongside Yahweh in his temple in Israel, according to an Oxford scholar.
In 1967, Raphael Patai was the first historian to mention that the
ancient Israelites worshiped both Yahweh and Asherah. The theory has gained new
prominence due to the research of Francesca Stavrakopoulou, who began her work
at Oxford and is now a senior lecturer in the
department of Theology and Religion at the University of Exeter.
Information presented in Stavrakopoulou's books, lectures and journal
papers has become the basis of a three-part documentary series, now airing in Europe, where she discusses the Yahweh-Asherah
"You might know him as Yahweh, Allah or God. But on this fact,
Jews, Muslims and Christians, the people of the great Abrahamic religions, are
agreed: There is only one of Him," writes Stavrakopoulou in a statement
released to the British media. "He is a solitary figure, a single,
universal creator, not one God among many ... or so we like to believe."
"After years of research specializing in the history and religion
however, I have come to a colorful and what could seem, to some, uncomfortable
conclusion that God had a wife," she added.
Stavrakopoulou bases her theory on ancient texts, amulets and figurines
unearthed primarily in the ancient Canaanite coastal city called Ugarit, now
All of these artifacts reveal that Asherah was a powerful fertility goddess.
Asherah's connection to Yahweh, according to Stavrakopoulou, is spelled
out in both the Bible and an 8th century B.C. inscription on pottery found in
the Sinai desert at a site called Kuntillet Ajrud.
"The inscription is a petition for a blessing," she shares.
"Crucially, the inscription asks for a blessing from 'Yahweh and his
Asherah.' Here was evidence that presented Yahweh and Asherah as a divine pair.
And now a handful of similar inscriptions have since been found, all of which
help to strengthen the case that the God of the Bible once had a wife."
Also significant, Stavrakopoulou believes, "is the Bible's
admission that the goddess Asherah was worshiped in Yahweh's Temple
in Jerusalem. In
the Book of Kings, we're told that a statue of Asherah was housed in the temple
and that female temple personnel wove ritual textiles for her."
J. Edward Wright, president of both The Arizona Center for Judaic
Studies and The Albright Institute for Archaeological Research, told Discovery
News that he agrees several Hebrew inscriptions mention "Yahweh and his
"Asherah was not entirely edited out of the Bible by its male
editors," he added. "Traces of her remain, and based on those traces,
archaeological evidence and references to her in texts from nations bordering
Israel and Judah, we can reconstruct her role in the religions of the Southern
Asherah -- known across the ancient Near East by various other
names, such as Astarte and Istar -- was "an important deity, one who was
both mighty and nurturing," Wright continued.
"Many English translations prefer to translate 'Asherah' as
'Sacred Tree,'" Wright said. "This seems to be in part driven by a
modern desire, clearly inspired by the Biblical narratives, to hide Asherah
behind a veil once again."
"Mentions of the goddess Asherah in the Hebrew Bible (Old
Testament) are rare and have been heavily edited by the ancient authors who
gathered the texts together," Aaron Brody, director of the BadeMuseum
and an associate professor of Bible and archaeology at the PacificSchool
of Religion, said.
Asherah as a tree symbol was even said to have been "chopped down
and burned outside the Temple
in acts of certain rulers who were trying to 'purify' the cult, and focus on
the worship of a single male god, Yahweh," he added.
The ancient Israelites were polytheists, Brody told Discovery News,
"with only a small minority worshiping Yahweh alone before the historic
events of 586 B.C." In that year, an elite community within Judea was
exiled to Babylon and the Temple
was destroyed. This, Brody said, led to "a more universal vision of strict
monotheism: one god not only for Judah, but for all of the
This work demonstrates an
important research tool. I would like to
see it extended to a number of geographically separated water sheds and to see
the work extended back several thousands of years in time.
We should be able to establish
the onset of corn culture and perhaps even determine the size of local
populations with this approach provided we collect enough data to get excellent
There are plenty of questions
that need to be answered with something more than a slew of undiscovered and
even undiscoverable habitation sites.Perhaps high schools could be recruited into the sampling program.
Agriculture disturbs natural
sedimentation rates.Let us take full
advantage of this information.
Native Americans Modified American Landscape Years Prior To The Arrival
A new study by Baylor University geology
researchers shows that Native Americans' land use nearly a century ago produced
a widespread impact on the eastern North American landscape and floodplain
development several hundred years prior to the arrival of major European
The study appears on-line in the journal Geology.
Researchers attribute early colonial land-use practices, such as
deforestation, plowing and damming with influencing present-day hydrological
systems across eastern North America. Previous
studies suggest that Native Americans' land use in eastern North
America initially caused the change in hydrological systems,
however, little direct evidence has been provided until now.
The Baylor study found that pre-European so-called "natural"
floodplains have a history of prehistoric indigenous land use, and thus
colonial-era Europeans were not the first people to have an impact on the
hydrologic systems of eastern North America.
The study also found that prehistoric small-scale agricultural
societies caused widespread ecological change and increased sedimentation in
hydrologic systems during the Medieval Climate Anomaly-Little Ice Age, which
occurred about 700 to 1,000 years ago.
"These are two very important findings," said Gary
Stinchcomb, a Baylor doctoral candidate who conducted the study. "The
findings conclusively demonstrate that Native Americans in eastern North America impacted their environment well before the
arrival of Europeans. Through their agricultural practices, Native Americans
increased soil erosion and sediment yields to the DelawareRiver basin."
The Baylor researchers found that prehistoric people decreased
forest cover to reorient their settlements and intensify corn production. They
also contributed to increased sedimentation in valley bottoms about 700 to
1,000 years ago, much earlier than previously thought.
The findings suggest that prehistoric land use was the initial cause of
increased sedimentation in the valley bottoms, and sedimentation was later
amplified by wetter and stormier conditions.
To conduct the study, the Baylor researchers took samples along the Delaware RiverValley. Landforms were mapped based on
relative elevations to Delaware River base
flow and archaeological excavations
assessed the presence of human habitation.
The Baylor researchers then used a site-specific geoarchaeological
approach and a regional synthesis of previous research to test the hypothesis
that the indigenous population had a widespread impact on terrestrial
sedimentation in eastern North America.
"This study provides some of the most significant evidence yet
that Native Americans impacted the land to a much greater degree than
previously thought," said Dr. Steve Driese, professor and chair of
Baylor's department of geology,
College of Arts and Sciences, who co-authored the study. "It confirms that
Native American populations had widespread effects on sedimentation."
Time for an update on the
progress around the XCOR.This puts the company firmly into the engine
development business with the resources to build out hugely improved engines
for the aerospace industry.Check
previous posts to see the past demonstrations. (google XCOR on this site.
We can expect to see a line of
engines with different power ratings come quickly although they are surely waiting
for a shoe to drop somewhere. It appears to this outsider to be going
XCOR and ULA Demonstrate Revolutionary Rocket Engine Nozzle Technology;
Also Sign Contract for Liquid Hydrogen Engine Development
XCOR test fires its Lynx 5K18 engine with lightweight aluminum nozzle;
United Launch Alliance
(ULA) and XCOR to apply the nozzle and XCOR's liquid hydrogen
(LH2) pump technology to new LH2 engine development. (Photo
Credit: Mike Massee / XCOR)
March 22, 2011, Centennial, CO, and Mojave, CA, USA: United Launch Alliance (ULA) and XCOR Aerospace announced
today their successful hot-fire demonstrations of a lighter-weight, lower-cost
approach to liquid-fueled rocket-engine vacuum nozzles. The new nozzle
technology, which uses aluminum alloys and innovative manufacturing techniques,
is projected to be less costly and save hundreds of pounds of mass compared to
nozzles in use today in typical large upper-stage rocket engine systems.
Under a 2010 joint risk-reduction program by XCOR and ULA, ULA facilitated an
accelerated demonstration of the nozzle technology, which was developed in
XCOR's Lynx reusable, suborbital-vehicle technology program. ULA sought to
determine the nozzle technology's applicability to future expendable launch
vehicle programs. Earlier in the same risk-reduction program, XCOR demonstrated
the ability to pump liquid hydrogen (LH2) using cryogenic piston-pump
technology it developed for the Lynx suborbital vehicle.
Based on the results of these successful technology demonstrations, ULA today
announced a larger follow-on program with XCOR to develop a liquid oxygen
Conceived as a lower-cost, risk-managed program compared to traditional engine
development efforts, the multi-year project's main objective is to produce a
flight-ready LOX/LH2 upper-stage engine in the 25,000 to 30,000 lbf thrust
class that costs significantly less to produce and is easier to operate and
integrate than competing engine technologies. If successful, the effort will
lead to significantly lower-cost and more-capable commercial and US government
space flights delivered by ULA.
"ULA understands that we have to offer competitive prices to our
government and commercial customers along with the outstanding and unmatched
reliability they expect from us," said Dr. George Sowers, vice president
of business development and advanced programs at ULA. "By working with
XCOR, we see the potential to develop engines that offer the performance and
reliability our customers need at a more affordable price."
XCOR Lynx 5K18 main engine being prepped for a test series.
The companies structured their LOX/LH2 engine development program
with multiple "go / no-go" decision points and performance milestones
to ensure a cost-effective and risk-managed approach to this challenging
effort. As demonstrated during prior ULA and XCOR joint engagements,
XCOR's small-company environment facilitates rapid turnaround for build and
test cycles that drive innovative learning, while ULA's small company project
management approach ensures their needs are met but does not stifle the
creative process or saddle XCOR with excessive paperwork burdens typical of
large government contracts. In addition, ULA is helping to bolster the Tier 2
and Tier 3 aerospace-industrial supply chain in the United
States, which is critical to ensuring the United States
aerospace sector remains competitive in the global marketplace.
"This announcement validates XCOR's business mantra of 'stay
focused on propulsion, Lynx and the customer' and ULA is a great
customer," said Andrew Nelson, Chief Operating Officer at XCOR. "And
when you have innovative, safe, low-cost and fully reusable technologies that
fly multiple times a day, those technologies will find other buyers, such as
ULA. Whether it is non-toxic thrusters, fully reusable main-engine propulsion,
cryogenic flight-weight piston pumps, or non-flammable cryogenically compatible
composite tanks and structures - the future looks bright for XCOR."
The demonstrations announced today are from integrated engine/nozzle
test firings with XCOR's Lynx 5K18 LOX/kerosene engine. The engine/nozzle
combination demonstrates the ability of the aluminum nozzle to withstand the
high temperatures of rocket-engine exhaust over numerous tests, with no
discernable degradation of the material properties of the alloys. The
tests validated the design, materials and manufacturing processes used in the
nozzle, and laid a foundation for scaling the design to EELV-sized engines. The
results also demonstrate the reusability of the engine and nozzle combination
which is essential for low-cost, daily suborbital flights by the Lynx and other
"We are honored to work with the great team of individuals at ULA,
a Tier 1 aerospace supplier," said Jeff Greason, XCOR CEO. "The
critical engine technology we're developing for ULA may one day launch
satellites, capsules and space stations for government and commercial
customers. Customers such as the US Air Force, NASA, the National
Reconnaissance Office, Boeing and Bigelow Aerospace all stand to benefit from
this partnership. For a rocket engineer, there is nothing more exciting than
firing a new engine for the first time. We can't wait for the day when we first
fire the new hydrogen engine for ULA."
# # # # #
United Launch Alliance - 50-50 joint venture owned by
Lockheed Martin and The Boeing Company - is the nation's rocket company,
bringing together two of the launch industry's most experienced and successful
teams - Atlas and Delta. ULA provides reliable, cost-efficient space launch
services for the Department of Defense, NASA, the National Reconnaissance
Office and other commercial organizations. ULA program management, engineering,
test and mission support functions are headquartered in Denver, Colo.
Manufacturing, assembly and integration operations are located at Decatur, Ala.
and Harlingen, Tex. Launch operations are located at Cape Canaveral Air Force
Station, Florida, and Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif. For more information on
the ULA joint venture, visit the ULA website at www.ulalaunch.com.
XCOR Aerospace is located in Mojave, California. The company is in the business
of developing and producing safe, reliable and reusable rocket powered
vehicles, propulsion systems, advanced non-flammable composites and other
enabling technologies. XCOR is currently working with aerospace prime
contractors and government customers on major propulsion systems, and
concurrently building the Lynx, a piloted, two-seat, fully reusable, liquid
rocket-powered vehicle that takes off and lands horizontally. The Lynx
production models (designated Lynx Mark II) are designed to be robust,
multi-commercial mission vehicles capable of flying to 100+ km in altitude up
to four times per day and are being offered on a wet lease basis. (www.xcor.com)
This week we got a really good look at the mtDNA of the
Starchild Skull.The evidence conforms
completely to my conjectures relating to human history and development over the
past thirty thousand years as I have posted throughout this blog over the last
three years or so.
It is possible that life not based on Earth was responsible
for upgrading Earth based primates into a range of advanced primates including
ourselves, yet this explanation is plausibly unnecessary.
Modern humanity has been extant for at least 70,000 years
and in some form for at least 200,000 years.For 70,000 years individuals have existed equal to the task of fitting
into our own modern society if integrated from childhood.Up to 15,000 years ago such human populations
were restricted to the tropics and to the coastal plains of the continental
shelf.This was still ample to sustain a
population of one billion.
In time, the modern world emerged.They mastered space travel and DNA
manipulation as we are doing now and as we will largely master within the
lifetimes of most reading these words.It is really happening that fast.At the same time they mastered the art of the Magnetic Field Exclusion Vessel
(MFEV).This is recognized as a UFO in
our own skies today and the key breakthroughs were make just this past year or
two.We will have it inside the next two
This presented mankind twenty thousand years ago with a
It became possible to evacuate Earth itself and to shift the
population into space habitats able to hold a million or so each and undertake a
massive repositioning of the crust itself in order to end the Northern Ice Age.The habitats are easy to build and could be
built today once we have the MFEVs.It
is noteworthy that some such habitats may well have been placed in safe
geological structures after the crustal shift as an additional option.This would explain the obvious ongoing UFO
traffic we observe.
The MFEVs make it trivial to move personnel from high embarkation
points to the space habitats.The craft
may well have been called Arks and could easily carry hundreds at a time.It appears that the text regarding the story
of Noah is a copy of an original history of Earth’s deliberate resettlement
after the crustal shift.
Once this was accomplished, the crust was shifted thirty
degrees south along an arc running through Hudson’s Bay using the directed impact of a
comet at the Pole.Recent work has begun
the process of collecting and understanding the evidence of the comet impact
from 12900 BP.Both the Himalayas and
the Andes were thrown up at this time and
local subsidence also occurred.
A couple thousand years on, settlement groups were placed on
each continent at least and likely three or four on the Eurasian land mass.Australasia
may not have had such a colony.The
purpose was to jump start agriculture and commence the terraforming of Earth to
make it completely suitable for the huge populations that it is capable of
supporting.Without getting too involved
in this, a figure of 100 billion is defensible.We have a lot of work to do.
Conjecture 1:The aliens (UFOs) we are aware of
are earth descended humanoids genetically adapted to living in space.Multiple species were created in order to
provide a range of useful characteristics.They were enhanced over and above those needs that are earth specific.
are such a species enhanced in order to terraform Earth.We are not told this in order to get us to
work a lot harder and to quit whining.We are now reaching critical mass in population and knowledge that
allows us to reconnect.It must happen
soon, although they will likely just wait for us to produce a MFEV and come on
through machine copying is plausible and provides a mechanism by which
individuals can do a short tour of duty on Earth as a embedded ‘soul’We are going to try and do this ourselves within
the next thirty years.
These are extraordinary conjectures and extraordinary
The reason I am writing this today is that the mtDNA work on
the Starchild Skull has now delivered extraordinary evidence of everything I
have just said within the mtDNA itself.The mtDNA is explainable only as enhanced primate mtDNA.The add-ins are there and can be
isolated.What also cannot be denied is
that the rest follows the same patterns as we follow.So unless you want to believe that DNA arises
independently in the same order as a natural law, this is primate mtDNA that has been actively improved, as
evidenced anyway by the special features in the skull.
Extraordinary Conjectures need Extraordinary Evidence.We now have it.There is plenty of other conforming evidence
floating out there and often commented on here.These conjectures could never have arisen without that.
Just in time for Easter, the skeleton of a giant rabbit has been
discovered, one that was once about six times the size of today's bunnies.
The fossils of the giant were discovered on the island
of Minorca off the coast of Spain,
a fact reflected in the rabbit's scientific name, Nuralagus rex, "the
Minorcan king of the rabbits." [Illustration
of giant rabbit]
"I needed four years to recover a good sample of N. rex bones
because they were in very hard red stone," paleontologist Josep Quintana
at the Catalan Institute of Paleontology in Barcelona, Spain, told LiveScience.
"To pull the bones out from the matrix, it was necessary to use some
hundreds of liters of acetic acid, a very concentrated vinegar — very hard and
patient work! But it was worthwhile, of course."
When the bunny lived approximately 3 million to 5 million years ago, it
weighed about 26 pounds (12 kilograms), about six times the size of the living
European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). [Fossils
of Oldest Rabbit Relative Found]
The fact that it got so big on Minorca
seems to follow the so-called "island rule." On islands, big animals
often get smaller, due to limited food, while small animals often get bigger,
due to lack of predators.
Foot bones of Nuralagus rex, the giant rabbit whose remains were
discovered on the island
"For most of their over 40-million-year history, members of the
rabbit family have fit well within the size range exhibited by relatively
well-known modern members of the family. Now, discoveries on Minorca have added
a giant to the mix, a 25-pound, short-legged rabbit," said rabbit researcher
Mary Dawson at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh, who did
not take part in this study.
As big as it was, N. rex might have been easy prey today — it
lost the ability to hop. The long, springy spine of a typicalmodern
rabbit was lost in N. rex, replaced by a short, stiff spine that
would make leaping difficult.
"I think thatN. rex would be a rather clumsy rabbit walking —
imagine a beaver out of water," Quintana said.
The giant probably also had poor hearing and vision, with relatively
small eye sockets and internal ear parts. Its senses likely deteriorated for
the same reason it got so large — it did not have predators to worry about. As
such, it probably lacked another key trait often associated with rabbits —
long ears. The bunny likely sported relatively small ears for its size.
Based on the rabbit's curved claws, the researchers suspect the animal
was most probably a digger that lived on roots and tubers it unearthed. Its
neighbors included bats, large dormice and giant tortoises.
Quintana proposes that this newfound giant might make a good mascot for
the island. "I would like to use N. rex to lure students and
visitors to Minorca," he said.
The scientists detailed their findings online today (March 21) in the
Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology.