Tuesday, January 25, 2022
We so have to impliment global foraging. Those cow birds are obviously important.
With Fewer Animals to Move Their Seeds, Plants Are Stuck in Threatened Habitats
For many types of vegetation, the only way to migrate to a more favorable range is through the guts of mammals and birds
Daily CorrespondentJanuary 24, 2022 3:43 p.m.
Mammal and bird losses cut a plant’s ability to adapt to global climate change by 60 percent. Pictured: Cedar waxwing Andrew C via Wikimedia Commons under CC BY 2.0Half of all plant species rely on animals to scatter their seeds through hitchhiking in scat, fur, or beaks. When animal populations decline, so does the ability plants have to disperse their seeds and adapt to climate change. Against the backdrop of a heating planet, species are shifting away from their historically-adapted climate conditions. Threats like deforestation, poaching and urbanization are causing declines in mammals and bird species that can scatter seeds and help plants enter more livable ranges, reports Scientific American’s Andrea Thompson.
A study published this month in the journal Science found that 60 percent of all plants globally are already having trouble keeping up with climate change as seed-spreading species face major drops in population numbers. The study highlights the role larger animals have in carrying seeds over long distances and the impact wildlife declines have on the symbiotic relationship, New Scientist’s Adam Vaughan reports.
“That should certainly be ringing alarm bells,” says study author Evan Fricke, an ecologist at Rice University, to Science’s Erik Stokstad. “At the same time that we’re ‘forcing’ plants to move these great distances, we’ve also substantially slowed their ability to do so.”
Previous seed-dispersal studies focused on threats to specific ecosystems, such as tracking how bird habitat loss in Brazil has impacted trees’ abilities to spread their seeds. However, similar data has never been analyzed on a global scale, per Scientific American.
To see the impact globally, the team gathered data on 302 animal species and the seeds each animal is known to disperse. They also gathered information on how far the seeds travel and how long they survive after being digested and expelled in animal feces, New Scientist reports. Researchers used machine learning and modeling to fill in missing data for all animal and plant species. With the model, the team could predict mutualistic interactions between the plants and animals for rare or even extinct species.
Together, researchers created an index that detailed how many seeds could spread more than a kilometer by a given number of birds and mammals. After analyzing the data, the team found seed dispersal declined at an alarming rate. Mammal and bird losses cut a plant’s ability to adapt to climate change globally by 60 percent, per the study.
“We found regions where climate-tracking seed dispersal declined by 95%, even though they’d lost only a few percent of their mammal and bird species,” Fricke says in a statement.
The loss of plant resilience was more severe in temperate regions like eastern North America and Europe because these areas have lost many fruit-eating mammals, per Science. Whereas mountain environments that vary in elevation feature different ecosystems within tens or hundreds of kilometers apart, animals living on flat terrain in temperate climes have to travel further to find new habitats, per Scientific American.
When using the data model to see what would happen if the birds and mammals listed as vulnerable or endangered by the ICUN Red List went extinct, Southeast Asia and Madagascar faced the most extreme losses. In these regions, the responsibility of seed dispersal is being carried out almost exclusively by threatened species, Scientific American reports. Based on this prediction, a plant’s ability to adapt to climate change would be reduced by another 15 percent on average, Science reports.
For possible solutions, the researchers suggest strengthening biodiversity by reintroducing large animals to their original ranges or connecting patches of habitat with restored areas using wildlife passages.
“Animal biodiversity supports climate adaptation for the world’s plants,” says Fricke to New Scientist. “This is a really clear intersection of the biodiversity crisis heavily impacting the climate crisis.”
Monday, January 24, 2022
If hospitals had utilized the Zelenko protocol with intravenous vitamin C and vitamin D, then covid-19-associated deaths would be virtually nonexistent
If correct then we are way past all batterty suppy limitations. They can deliver all you need now at an expanding rate.
Saturday, January 22, 2022
Insectoid 'Mantis' Alien Saves Canadian Man's Life
Posted: 18 Jan 2022 11:14 AM PST
A Canadian man is in Georgia Bay, Ontario, Canada when he observes UFOs in a V-formation. He then has an encounter with an insectoid Mantis alien that supposedly saves his life.
The following account was recently forwarded to me:
"A certain event happened to me several years ago (summer 1970, in the Georgian Bay, Ontario, Canada region). I believe the incident should be told. Other than my immediate family and a couple of close friends, I've never told this story to anyone.
It was around 2 am and I saw in the northwestern sky, five objects flying in a V-formation towards the southeast. I had to tell myself that it was only a dream, but as the objects got closer I realized that what I was seeing was real.
As the objects approached closer to me on the shoreline I had the most amazing feeling that something or someone was trying to talk to me from them. At this exact moment a voice or presence spoke clear to me that "I was in danger." No exaggeration here, a creature seemed to appear before me as if it was hovering over me. It stood like 8 -9 feet tall and was exactly in appearance to what other witnesses have described as a Praying Mantis with large oily eyes. While this entity spoke to me by thought alone, I felt oddly at ease with it rather than terrified, for it seemed genuinely concerned for me. It told me that I was dying of a drug overdose and that I should seek medical help. My mind was totally clear at this moment with no effects from the recreational drugs I regularly take. I knew that the entity was telling the truth and I listened.
What happened next was incredible. The entity spread out its long insect arms and wrapped them around the back of my head. Suddenly, I felt a jab like a needle in the area of the brain called the medulla. It totally was clear of thought and strong. I don't have any memories of what happened to the entity or the hovering objects.
The next thing I knew I was running from the beach to the highway to hitch a ride to the hospital where I checked myself in to the emergency ward. I had my stomach pumped and remained there for three days.
My family and friends heard my story and dismissed it, but what happened a short few weeks later has disturbed me since the event. People in the area where I lived began phoning in reports of strange lights appearing over Georgian Bay, flying in V-formation. Perhaps a month or so later there was a report on the local radio of a secret underwater U.S. Military base in the Georgian Bay off the shores of Meaford. An interesting note on this, is there is a Canadian military base in Meaford (Artillery). For a week or two this was the talk of the county with people calling in to the radio station for more info, but the story was never repeated on air and seemed to just fade away.
This event has stuck in my head as clear as the day it happened and as time goes on I hear similar stories being recounted by others.
Another event that perhaps surpassed this, is what I witnessed over a period of three days over the Shuswap on Lake Nipissing four years ago. This time I wasn't alone and clear of mind.
It can be extremely worrisome to experience these kind of events and often we feel that nobody else seems to care or understand, but even if a hundred UFOs should land on Parliament Hill tomorrow, we all have to get up in the morning, feed our selves and carry on our daily routines.
I no longer fear the unknown and embrace the beauty of this universal plane." J
NOTE: In the past, I have received first-hand experiencer accounts of mantis beings healing humans under various situations. Lon