What does all this mean? Few people realize that animals manufacture vitamin C, but humans do not. For instance, goats produce 13,000 milligrams of vitamin C daily.
Saturday, April 30, 2011
I have absolutely no sense of humor left when it comes to large companies and their money making schemes. It is a case of expecting the worst and then investigating the reality in light of that. Normally the planets align and a perfect product emerges and a perfect market niche is developed. Otherwise we are gaming the imperfect and making it pay.
That aspartame should ever be partnered with vitamin C is outrageous. I personally buy vitamin C in the form of calcium ascorbic in order to provide a naturally buffered form. I buy a kilo at a time and I consume several grams at a time in a glass of water with an additional heaping teaspoon of orange flavored Metamucil mixed first with the vitamin C powder. It actually tastes better than either do individually and mixes easily.
I consume as much as the good doctor.
What is stunning are the claims been made here that the vitamin positively affects over one hundred conditions, including a number of cancers. Vitamin C is already indicated for everyone because of simple mammalian biology (we are missing the gene). This strongly indicates that we all should be consuming ten to twenty grams daily depending on body weight. The body will have no difficulty though in disposing of any surplus.
I added the article by Gifford Jones from three years ago. It explains how an eye photo is able to determine the level of disease.
Serious Questions About Pharma
Could the suspicions be true?
By Sydney J. Bush, D.Opt., Ph.D.Created: Apr 26, 2011Last Updated: Apr 26, 2011
Dr. Sydney Bush (Courtesy of Dr. Sydney Bush)
Marcia Angell, M.D., former editor-in-chief of the New England Journal of Medicine, looked at pharmaceutical companies’ profits in the Fortune 500 list of the world’s most profitable companies. She found that the top 10 pharmaceutical companies’ combined profits exceed the combined profits of all the 490 remaining companies!
A new, unproven anticancer drug can be very expensive.
If the NHS objects to a physician using this drug, U.K. newspapers that print what pharma asks them to print will go to bat for the physician against the NHS and the U.K. government, launching half-page photos of a sorrowful mom surrounded by a grieving family she is doomed to leave is she doesn’t get the new wonder drug.
People who never walk the dog will jog to raise money for the cause.
Vitamin C truths are excluded from
newspapers, which print only
what won’t damage pharma. A double-page article about vitamin C never mentioned
that vitamin C cures many cancers. Cancer articles never mention vitamin C. U.K.
Is it possible that nutrients that are naturally present in the bloodstream and essential for life could make one feel sick when taken as supplements?
Trapped overnight in an airport without my vitamins, I had no option but to buy the only vitamin C tablets available. Without my 20 grams a day, I get boils and colds and my chest wheezes. Ten grams won’t do.
So I bought 500-milligram (one-half gram) tablets of vitamin C. After taking five, I was sick. My friend told me the same thing happened to him when he bought glucosamine to treat his arthritis. That set me thinking.
Who makes the supplement tablets? Pharma! With such vast profits from drugs for our ailments, doespharmacy want prevention?
I noticed that aspartame was in the vitamin C tablets I bought at the airport. I wondered: If I were a doctor working for that company, knowing that vitamin C cures, prevents, or delays 100 diseases on which my profits depended, how would I protect my company’s profits and my multimillionaire lifestyle?
I’d think it essential for good public relations to offer pleasant vitamin C tablets. But not TOO pleasant! So I would combine extra bitter bioflavonoids in the tablet along with a considerable amount of aspartame needed to render the tablet acceptably sweet.
The aspartame would do its work. Nobody would take more than the advised number of tablets on the label. My profits would be secure.
How much aspartame is legal? There’s no actual limit—only the recommendation that you don’t drink more than so many cans of soda per day. Would it stop a manufacturer putting half of that amount into a tablet? I’ve never seen a weight listed on a label.
The 1977 CardioRetinometry article written for the
about vitamin C’s ability to reverseheart disease was replaced by Bayer’s
full-page advertisement. Bayer aspirin have also been on front-page headlines
The arthritis drug market is worth billions of dollars. Now what would I put in glucosamine tablets to discourage people from using them?
Dr. Bush practices optometry in the
His website is LifeExtensionOptometry.org U.K.
Your Heart Is Slowly Dying From Chronic Scurvy
- Dr. Gifford Jones Sunday, October 21, 2007
Why is research that could save countless lives unknown to Canadian and
This week, a report that Dr. Sydney Bush, an optometrist in
has made an historic discovery. He claims that atherosclerosis (hardening of
arteries) can be reversed. And his research, which could save millions from
heart attack, should have made headlines around the world. Hull, England
It’s been said that the eye is the window to the heart. It’s the only part of the body through which doctors can see arteries and veins during an eye examination. This allows doctors to see changes in retinal vessels, the result of aging,hypertension, diabetes and atherosclerosis. And it’s been believed for years that blockages in arteries due to cholesterol deposits could not be reversed.
Dr. Bush decided to do more than look into the eye. In 1998 he started to use a technique called “CardioRetinometry” at his eye clinic in
This instrument takes pictures of the retina, the back part of the eye, that
transmits images to the brain. These photos have enabled Dr. Bush to observe
change in retinal vessels over a course of several years. Hull, England
CardioRetinometry photos could also pinpoint collections of cholesterol deposits in retinal vessels. Bush states that he could see a fine, white line, similar to a silver wire, running down almost every artery of adults who had high cholesterol.
But a chance encounter occurred that would reshape his thinking about coronary heart disease. While taking photos of the retina Dr. Bush was also prescribing 3,000 to 10,000 milligrams of vitamin C to treat certain eye problems.
To his surprise he discovered that this amount of vitamin C resulted in changes in retinal arteries. Cholesterol deposits decreased in size, arteries became larger and there was increased blood flow to the retina. Proof this was happening was staring him in the face.
And what happens to arteries in the retina also happens to arteries in the heart.
What does all this mean? Few people realize that animals manufacture vitamin C, but humans do not. For instance, goats produce 13,000 milligrams of vitamin C daily.
What does all this mean? Few people realize that animals manufacture vitamin C, but humans do not. For instance, goats produce 13,000 milligrams of vitamin C daily.
Humans lost this ability during the course of evolution. This is why cats never died of scurvy during voyages to the
while sailors succumbed to this disease.
Dr. Linus Pauling, two-time Nobel Prize winner, whom I have interviewed, extolled the virtues of vitamin C. He claimed that although humans no longer die from scurvy, they are nevertheless suffering from inadequate amounts of vitamin C.
So why is vitamin C so important in preventing retinal disease and heart attack? Brick walls are held together by strong mortar and we all know what happens if mortar starts to crumble. Cells, on the other hand, are glued together by collagen and vitamin C is necessary to manufacture and maintain its strength.
Pauling believed that the heart dies from a silent form of scurvy. In effect, inadequate levels of vitamin C weaken collagen, which is not good news for coronary arteries as they face the greatest pressure when the heart beats. The end result is injured arteries and heart attack.
Linus Pauling’s theory about coronary attack and now the findings of Dr. Bush compliment each other. Namely, a lack of vitamin C triggers heart attack and an excess of C guards against it.
The great irony is that British physicians, rather than looking at Dr Bush’s research with an open mind, have criticized his work. It may be the old story that new, revolutionary ideas, contrary to current medical thinking, often collect dust.
I’ve not yet had time to visit Bush’s clinic in
. But he has sent me retinal
pictures taken before vitamin C was prescribed and those taken following its
use. The results are there for everyone to see. England
Each year millions of North Americans die from coronary attack. Surely it’s time for heart specialists and ophthalmologists to take a look at Dr. Bush’s research. They may decide that our heart is not healthy until the eyes say so.
For last week’s column on vitamin C see the web site http://www.mydoctor.ca/gifford-jones
This is a reminder that
to be an archeologist’s dream. The early work conducted over the past two
centuries was often best described as reconnaissance. What is now underway is the systematic reconstruction
of past glories, however constrained by burial customs. Egypt
I would love to see all such great monuments fully reconstructed by a process of dismantlement, replacement and reassembly. This has been partially done for the Parthenon and could largely be done today on almost anything. I believe it is a worthy completion of many such archeological endeavors that would be enthusiastically supported.
Doing this in
least plausible. The Great Pyramid is
the easiest and the obvious candidate, but after that there are many others
from many other dynastic periods that are well worth doing. Egypt
At present archeology considers such to be sacrilege, but I expect this to soften as we winkle less and less information out of the present methodology.
Enormous statue of powerful pharaoh unearthed
CAIRO (AP) — Archaeologists unearthed one of the largest statues found to date of a powerful ancient Egyptian pharaoh at his mortuary temple in the southern city of Luxor, the country's antiquities authority announced Tuesday.
The 13 meter (42 foot) tall statue of Amenhotep III was one of a pair that flanked the northern entrance to the grand funerary temple on the west bank of the Nile that is currently the focus of a major excavation.
The statue consists of seven large quartzite blocks and still lacks a head and was actually first discovered in the 1928 and then rehidden, according to the press release from the country's antiquities authority. Archaeologists expect to find its twin in the next digging season.
Excavation supervisor Abdel-Ghaffar Wagdi said two other statues were also unearthed, one of the god Thoth with a baboon's head and a six foot (1.85 meter) tall one of the lion-headed goddess Sekhmet.
Archaeologists working on the temple over the past few years have issued a flood of announcements about new discoveries of statues. The 3,400-year-old temple is one of the largest on the west bank of the Nile in
Luxor, where the powerful pharaohs of Egypt's New Kingdom
built their tombs.
Amenhotep III, who was the grandfather of the famed boy-pharaoh Tutankhamun, ruled in the 14th century B.C. at the height of Egypt's New Kingdom and presided over a vast empire stretching from Nubia in the south to Syria in the north.
The pharaoh's temple was largely destroyed, possibly by floods, and little remains of its walls. It was also devastated by an earthquake in 27 B.C. But archaeologists have been able to unearth a wealth of artifacts and statuary in the buried ruins, including two statues of Amenhotep made of black granite found at the site in March 2009.
(This version CORRECTS original date of discovery.)
This is a worthy effort and it appears we will soon have spider silk in commercial volumes to work with. Medical applications are obvious, but whenever a new material becomes readily available, applications mushroom. And yes a woven line is an obvious application with plenty of utility.
Certainly the commercial silk industry is well established and is ready to introduce a new product in high volume. We do not have to invent that also.
We can expect fabrics rather quickly and their abilities will be interesting to observe.
Spider-silk-producing silkworms to be commercially developed
By Ben Coxworth
11:18 April 13, 2011
Biotech firm Sigma Life Science plans on developing genetically-modified silkworms, that will produce spider silk for use in commercial applications
Although cobwebs may seem very fragile when we see people like
through them, the fact is that spider silk is an incredibly strong and flexible
material. It has a tensile strength similar to that of high-grade steel while
only being one-fifth as dense, it can stretch up to 1.4 times its relaxed
length without breaking, and it can maintain those properties down to a
temperature of -40C (-40F). Given that spiders don't secrete huge quantities of
the stuff on a daily basis, however, what's a biotech firm to do if it wishes
to harvest the fibers for use in human technology? In the case of Sigma Life
Science, it's getting genetically-modified silkworms to spin spider silk. Indiana
Sigma has partnered with Kraig Biocraft Laboratories (KBLB) to develop the silkworms, using Sigma's proprietary CompoZr Zinc Finger Nuclease (ZFN) technology.
Last year, KBLB successfully created hybrid silkworms with randomly inserted spider genes. The creatures secreted hybrid "spidersilkworm" silk, that was stronger and more durable than silk from regular silkworms, but still not as strong as spider silk.
Utilizing the claimed precise gene targeting and high efficiency of the ZFN process,KBLB and Sigma now plan on inserting spider silk genes into the silkworm genome, while simultaneously removing the native silkworm silk genes. The result, the companies hope, will be transgenic silkworms that produce pure spider silk "at commercially viable production levels."
The material may be used in applications such as sutures, tendon and ligament repair, bulletproof vests, and automobile airbags.
This movie will portray the tension produced when new protocols are worked with. The reviews are good for the work done by the director and the movie will certainly bring attention to the underlying medicine and that may or may not lead somewhere.
I also attached a review on the science by Saul which is actually fair minded, though questioning credentials when those same credentials pretty well puts this researcher up to his eyeballs with the right biochemistry. A lab technician in the right place is often the right guy, so the real credential is to ask if it is plausible for this individual to work with these materials and to make decisions with them however reckless. In this case he certainly was there to do this type of an experiment.
His claim today is dependent of living survivors of serious cancer. It is not dependent on the quality of his theory or credentials as a living survivor(s) is the real credential.
Exactly the same thing has happened with the Rossi Focardi Reactor a couple of months ago which is producing ten to twenty times its input energy. The present explanations may turn out to be bone stupid, but the empirical result is its own credential and theory can always wait.
Burzynski The Movie - Cancer Is Serious Business
"Burzynski has made in my opinion, the most important, if not the only breakthrough discovery in the treatment of cancer." - Dr. Julian Whitaker, The Whitaker Wellness Institute
"It's [Burzynski the Movie] an important piece of investigative journalism that really nails the medical establishment and especially those bastards, the drug companies. I was truly outraged by the treatment Dr. Burzynski received. I can hardly wait for the next chapter. You've performed an important public service. Keep up the good work."
- John Zaritsky, Academy Award-Winning Documentary Film Director and contributing Director to PBS's Frontline, March 2011
ABOUT THE FILM:
Burzynski, the Movie is the story of a medical doctor and Ph.D biochemist named Dr. Stanislaw Burzynski who won the largest, and possibly the most convoluted and intriguing legal battle against the Food & Drug Administration in American history.
His victorious battles with the United States government were centered around Dr. Burzynski's gene-targeted cancer medicines he discovered in the 1970's called Antineoplastons, which have currently completed Phase II FDA-supervised clinical trials in 2009 and could begin the final phase of FDA testing in 2011–barring the ability to raise the required $150 million to fund the final phase of FDA clinical trials.
When Antineoplastons are approved, it will mark the first time in history a single scientist, not a pharmaceutical company, will hold the exclusive patent and distribution rights on a paradigm-shifting medical breakthrough.
Antineoplastons are responsible for curing some of the most incurable forms of terminal cancer. Various cancer survivors are presented in the film who chose these medicines instead of surgery, chemotherapy or radiation - with full disclosure of medical records to support their diagnosis and recovery - as well as systematic (non-anecdotal) FDA-supervised clinical trial data comparing Antineoplastons to other available treatments—which is published within the peer-reviewed medical literature.
One form of cancer - diffuse, intrinsic, childhood brainstem glioma has never before been cured in any scientifically controlled clinical trial in the history of medicine. Antineoplastons hold the first cures in history - dozens of them.
This documentary takes the audience through the treacherous, yet victorious, 14-year journey both Dr. Burzynski and his patients have had to endure in order to obtain FDA-approved clinical trials of Antineoplastons.
Dr. Burzynski resides and practices medicine in Houston,
As with anything that changes current-day paradigms, Burzynski's ability to successfully treat incurable cancer with such consistency has baffled the industry. However this fact has prompted numerous investigations by the
Likewise, the Food and Drug Administration engaged in four Federal Grand Juries spanning over a decade attempting to indict Dr. Burzynski, all of which ended in no finding of fault on his behalf. Finally, Dr. Burzynski was indicted in their 5th Grand Jury in 1995, resulting in two federal trials and two sets of jurors finding him not guilty of any wrongdoing. If convicted, Dr. Burzynski would have faced a maximum of 290 years in a federal prison and $18.5 million in fines.
However, what was revealed a few years after Dr. Burzynski won his freedom, helps to paint a more coherent picture regarding the true motivation of the United States government's relentless persecution of Stanislaw Burzynski, M.D., Ph.D.
Note: When Antineoplastons are approved for pubic use, it will allow a single scientist to hold an exclusive license to manufacture and sell these medicines on the open market—before they become generic—leaving PhRMA absent in profiting from the most effective gene-targeted cancer treatment the world has ever seen.
Stanislaw Burzynski and "Antineoplastons"
Saul Green, Ph.D.
Unlike most "alternative medicine" practitioners, Stanislaw R. Burzynski has published profusely. The sheer volume of his publications impresses patients, but unless they understand what they are reading, they cannot judge its validity. To a scientist, Burzynski's literature contains clear evidence that his data do not support his claims.
Burzynski's Background and Credentials
Burzynski attended the Medical Academy in Lubin, Poland, where he received an M.D. degree in 1967 and an D.Msc. degree in 1968. He did not undergo specialty training in cancer or complete any other residency program. His bibliography does not mention clinical cancer research, urine, or antineoplastons during this period.
In 1970, Burzynski came to the
States and worked in the department of anesthesiology at Baylor University,
three years, isolating peptides from rat brains. (Peptides are
low-molecular-weight compounds composed of amino acids bonded in a certain
way.) He got a license to practice medicine in 1973 and, with others, received
a three-year grant to study the effect of urinary peptides on the growth of
cancer cells in tissue culture. The grant was not renewed. Houston
In 1976, with no preclinical or clinical cancer research experience, Burzynski announced a theory for the cure of cancer based on his assumption that spontaneous regression occurs because natural anticancer peptides, which he named antineoplastons, "normalize" cancer cells. Since urine contains lots of peptides, he concluded that there he would find antineoplastons. Less than one year later and based only on these assumptions, Burzynski used an extract from human urine ("antineoplaston A") to treat 21 cancer patients at a clinic he opened. His shingle read, "Stanislaw R. Burzynski, M.D., Ph.D."
Burzynski's claim to a Ph.D. is questionable. When I investigated, I found:
An official from the Ministry of Health in
informed me that when Burzynski was in
school, medical schools did not give a Ph.D. . Warsaw
Faculty members from at the Medical Academy at Lubin informed me that Burzynski received his D.Msc. in 1968 after completing a one-year laboratory project and passing an exam  and that he had done no independent research while in medical school .
In 1973, when Burzinski applied for a federal grant to study "antineoplaston peptides from urine," he identified himself as "Stanislaw Burzynski, M.D, D.Msc." 
Analysis of Antineoplaston Biochemistry
Tracing the biochemistry involved in Burzynski's synthesis of antineoplastons shows that the substances are without value for cancer treatment.
By 1985, Burzynski said he was using eight antineoplastons to treat cancer patients. The first five, which were fractions from human urine, he called A-1 through A-5. From A-2 he made A-10, which was insoluble 3-N-phenylacetylamino piperidine 2,6-dione. He said A-10 was the anticancer peptide common to all his urine fractions. He then treated A-10 with alkali, which yielded a soluble product he named AS-2.5. Further treatment of AS-2.5 with alkali yielded a product he called AS-2.1. Burzynski is currently treating patients with what he calls "AS-2.1" and "A-10."
In reality, AS-2.1 is phenylacetic acid (PA), a potentially toxic substance produced during normal metabolism. PA is detoxified in the liver to phenylacetyl glutamine (PAG), which is excreted in the urine. When urine is heated after adding acid, the PAG loses water and becomes 3-N-phenylacetylamino piperidine 2,6-dione (PAPD), which is insoluble. Normally there is no PAPD in human urine.
What Burzynski calls "A-10" is really PAPD treated with alkali to make it soluble. But doing this does not create a soluble form of A-10. It simply reinserts water into the molecule and regenerates the PAG (Burzynski's AS-2.5). Further treatment of this with alkali breaks it down into a mixture of PA and PAG. Thus Burzynski's "AS-2.1" is nothing but a mixture of the naturally occurring substances PA and PAG.
Burzyski claims that A-10 acts by fitting into indentations in DNA. But PAG is too big a molecule to do this, and Burzynski himself has reported that PAG is ineffective against cancer [5,6].
PA may not be safe. In 1919, it was shown that PA can be toxic when ingested by normal individuals. It can also reach toxic levels in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU); and in a pregnant woman, it can cause the child in utero to suffer brain damage.
Burzynski has never demonstrated that A-2.1 (PA) or "soluble A-10" (PA and PAG) are effective against cancer or that tumor cells from patients treated with these antineoplastons have been "normalized." Tests of antineoplastons at the National Cancer Institute have never been positive. The drug company Sigma-Tau Pharmaceuticals could not duplicate Burzynski's claims for AS-2.1 and A-10. The Japanese National Cancer Institute has reported that antineoplastons did not work in their studies. No Burzynski coauthors have endorsed his use of antineoplastons in cancer patients.
These facts indicate to me that Burzynski's claims that his "antineoplastons" are effective against cancer are not credible.
For Additional Information
About the Author
Dr. Green (1925-2007) was a biochemist who did cancer research at
for 23 years. He
consulted on scientific methodology and had a special interest in unproven
methods. This article was adapted from his presentation at the American
Association for Clinical Chemistry Symposium in Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer
Center in July 1997. Atlanta
Nizanskowski R. Personal communication to Saul Green, Ph.D., Jan 15, 1992.
Kleinrock Z. Personal communication to Saul Green, Ph.D., Nov 22 1993.
Bielinski S. Personal communication to Saul Green, Ph.D., Nov 22, 1987.
Burzynski S. HEW grant application 1973, item 20 (credentials).
Burzynski SR. Purified antineoplaston fractions and methods of treating neoplastic diseases.
Patent No. 4,558,057, 1985. U.S.
Burzynski SR. Preclinical studies on antineoplastons AS-2.1 and AS-2.5. Drugs Exptl Clin Res Suppl 1, XII, 11-16, 1986.
This article was revised on November 21, 2006.
Friday, April 29, 2011
It appears that the debate on the origins of life is heating up. Here we are seeing ample evidence emerging from space material of microbial life and also ample evidence that such can be blasted all over the place. We do now know that microbial life operates deep into the earth and in extreme conditions. All the barriers opposing such have evaporated.
So before we even think in terms of meeting intelligent aliens, we certainly know today that the universe is fully infected with microbial life and any newly formed planet will have an ample basis to commence evolutionary processes.
I also have here another short item showing us critical images from mars of apparent structures that can only be engineered and possibly still in general use. The obvious attitude been that when we get there will be soon enough to talk to us pukes.
The evidence for a heavy presence in space and on earth is actually overwhelming and becoming less and less fussy about been seen. They do use stealth mode a lot, but actual discipline is obviously weak as most operators are worker bees conducting a variety of missions.
As I have also posted, the argument for a huge presence on Earth itself is now pretty compelling, because that is the natural explanation for the heavy observed traffic.
We have unending reports of scientific sampling taking place from the subjects themselves and that is an obvious mission. We have plenty of reports of obvious joy riding coming to us also and occasional reports of real contact. What is important that the body of evidence is now massively beyond one man’s illusions and it is both conforming and consistent.
The kicker is that I suspect that huge alien populations do live on Earth today in underground structures built out for that purpose. It is no trick at all to build within stable rock strata a couple of thousand feet down a huge complex quite able to hold tens of millions of individuals. External access could be anywhere underwater to keep us out of the way. We may even decide to do just that ourselves someday. It is all a matter of free energy, now upon us, and effective recycling.
Active harvesting of seafood could even be conducted and we would never know.
Nasa Scientist Claims Evidence of Extraterrestrial Life
Is this proof of colony Earth and we're all aliens?
Fossils of algae-like beings in meteorites are reported by astrobiologist Dr. Richard Hoover in the Journal of Cosmology. Reportedly the White House has reacted angrily to the announcement and is pressuring
to recant since
the evidence changes much in science and biology such as the theory that life
evolved in the primordial soup on Earth. In the beginning, of course, the
explanation was God. Then, in the age of science, Charles Darwin came along and
speculated that it all began in a warm little pond. Hoover
The origin of life on Earth — known as biogenesis' — remains one of the great unsolved mysteries of science. Although
gave us a theory of how the first
primitive microbes evolved into the wonderful diversity of plants and animals
that comprise the living world today, but we don't know how life got
The human race will have to realize we are not the biological center of the universe that a designer spread life to numerous planets. Dr. Hoover has stirred up fresh debate over life elsewhere in the cosmos after claiming to have found tiny fossils of alien bugs inside meteorites that landed on Earth. About 2% are bacteria within the meteorites.
Richard Hoover, an astrobiologist at the US Space Agency's Marshall Space Flight Centre in Alabama, said "Filaments and other structures in rare meteorites appear to be microscopic fossils of extraterrestrial beings that resemble algae known as cyanobacteria. S ome of the extra-terrestrial fossils' look very much like a living earthly bug called Titanospirillum velox, which is found in muds in the Ebro Delta in
three meteorite samples Dr. Hoover has studied predate any fossils found on
Earth and older than the crust of our planet, dating from the time when the
planets of our solar system were still coming together from a cloud of dust and
If is findings are confirmed we will be forced to conclude that life on Earth really did start elsewhere, and furthermore that life is probably everywhere in the Universe. A meteorite, named ALH84001, generated headline news in 1996 when Nasa announced it contained biomorphic' structures, tubule-like objects that looked like bacteria.
Laboratory tests on the rocky filaments found no evidence to suggest they were remnants of Earth-based organisms that contaminated the meteorites after they landed,
said. "He discovered the features after inspecting the freshly cleaved
surfaces of three meteorites that are believed to be among the oldest in the
solar system.. Writing in the Journal of Cosmology, Hoover claims that the lack of nitrogen in
the samples, which is essential for life on Earth, indicates they are "the
remains of extraterrestrial life forms that grew on the parent bodies of
the meteorites when liquid water was present, long before the meteorites
entered the Earth's atmosphere." Hoover
B,C: red blood cell remnants found inside meteorite Ivuna
Cyanobacteria play the key role in nitrogen fixation on Earth and many genera and species of are capable of diazotrophic growth and nitrogen metabolism. Nitrogen fixation occurs via the nitrogenase enzyme with some other proteins involved in this complex biological process. Rudy Schild, a scientist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Centre for Astrophysics and editor of the journal, said: "The implications are that life is everywhere, and that life on Earth may have come from other planets." Proof that alien microbes hitched across the cosmos inside meteors, or by clinging to their surfaces, would bolster a theory known as panspermia, in which life is spread from planet to planet by hurtling space rocks.
Sir Fred Hoyle (British astrophysicist): "A common sense interpretation of the facts suggests that a super intellect has monkeyed with physics, as well as with chemistry and biology, and that there are no blind forces worth speaking about in nature. The numbers one calculates from the facts seem to me so overwhelming as to put this conclusion almost beyond question." Hoyle, F. 1982. The Universe: Past and Present Reflections.
Sir Francis Crick, joint discoverer of DNA, remarked that "the origin of life seemed "almost a miracle, so many are the conditions which would have had to have been satisfied to get it going. The problem is that even the simplest living thing is already so stupendously complex that if such an entity were to be thrown together by chance, it would be a fluke of such magnitude as to be unlikely to happen twice in the observable universe, vast though that may be.
Certainly, many scientists support the idea of an extra-terrestrial origin for earthly life. Professor Paul Davies, a British cosmologist at
has suggested life on Earth may have its origins on Mars. He reasons that four
billion years ago Mars was a far more hospitable place for life to evolve than
Earth. Being smaller, Mars cooled more quickly and was hit less often by the
massive meteor strikes that made the infant solar system such a hazardous
environment for life of any kind. He says, "We could all be the
descendants of ancient Martian microbes blasted off the Red Planet's surface by
later meteorite bombardments. There is even the fascinating possibility a
dying civilization loaded up an ark like space ship and flew to Colony Earth
with all types of animals. We have now discovered life on Mars similar to
life on Earth that strongly suggests life exists throughout the universe on
billions of planets. Arizona State University
Dr. Richard Buchli writes, "Here is a series of partially covered openings or structures on mars. These shapes are too perfect to be works of nature. There is a line of objects two and half miles long with seven objects running north to south. The distance between the opposing two structures is about 1500 feet, and 1300 feet. White domed st ructures are located at both ends of line. The location is at 37 57 26 85 N 82 16 43 13 W. Thanks to Richard Buchli D.V.M. PhD. Dorothy Buchli W.B.W
Kepler Telescope Discovers 1,235 planets
This illustration created by Jason Rowe of NASA's Kepler Science Team shows all of Kepler's planet candidates in transit with their parent stars ordered by size from top left to bottom right. / Illustration Courtesy NASA Kepler
On March 6, 2009, the Kepler telescope was launched into space by the NASA Ames
Institute to search for potentially habitable planets. NASA announced that
1,235 planets have now been detected. It also announced that the Kepler 11
star-system is believed to have six orbiting planets. Mission
Every 30 minutes the Kepler telescope is scanning 150,000 stars to detect fluctuations in the brightness of each star that would indicate that a planet was revolving around it. Each time a planet crosses the star, the brightness of the star appears to dim.
To learn more about the Kepler
Thanks to Charles Ratliff
This is worth reading because it allows us to overturn conventional wisdom and ask good questions. There is also something important here that needs to be said. The bottom 50 % is not properly integrated into the tax system though they contribute through consumption taxes.
For them to contribute more efficiently we need to establish a base income model linked directly to deliverables such as rental costs, food and basic services such as medical and communication. My personal preference is to link the core delivery of basic services to land based needs on the rural environment were local capital is available to support personal initiative and wealth creation for even the elderly
It may sound utopian but it is not as this is what actually worked in non monetized societies of the past. Reinventing the structure is the challenge when monetizing because money is associated with the natural inclination to impose wage slavery.
Most criticisms of such bottom up models are based on pure ignorance of economic systems and the ignorant fight for control of the apparent lolly. We have become less barbaric during the past century, but still have far to go.
Surprisingly, the Chinese have much to teach us on this subject, though much of what is there is also an accident of history rather that intelligent planning. It is a case of building from the least worse alternatives and hoping it all works out.
Three economic charts blow your mind
Written By : John Hawkins
First off, here’s a breakdown of who pays into personal income taxes. Look at those numbers and SMELL the unfairness.
So, the top 10% of income earners pay 69.9% of the income tax while the bottom 50% of Americans pay 2.7%. Now, if we were actually going to make the tax code more “fair,” who would actually be paying more and who would be paying less? Maybe the rich aren’t getting quite as sweet a deal as you’d think if you got your information from Obama speeches and MSNBC.
Now, here’s another chart that defies conventional wisdom.
Over the decades, tax rates have varied quite a bit. They’ve even gone up as high as 90% in some brackets. Yet, the actual amount of revenue coming in doesn’t change very much in relation to revenue. It’s almost as if conservatives are right and people do react to higher tax rates by changing their behavior. Maybe they work less, take more loopholes, lobby Congress to create loopholes, invest differently, move industry offshore, etc., etc…it really doesn’t matter.
The key thing to take away from this is that the amount of revenue the government can bring in via the income tax is, for whatever reason, more inelastic than most people think. That’s yet another reason to put more emphasis on balancing the budget via spending cuts as opposed to trying to fix the problem with tax increases.
Now, if Hauser’s law is as spot-on as it has been in the past and it’s going to be difficult to raise the government’s revenue level much beyond the 20% mark, this is one hell of a scary graph.
Notice that we’re up from 2.7% of GDP in 1965 to 9.1% (the halfway mark) in 2012 and then 100% of all of tax revenue in 2052. Some people may take a little comfort from that. After all, 2052 seems like a long time away — and so it is. But, don’t forget — we have a 14 trillion dollar debt we need to pay off and the federal government funds a lot of other things besides those entitlement programs. That money is where defense, intelligence, border security, government salaries, interest payments on the debt, welfare, and even Harry Reid’s precious Cowboy Poetry comes from. At one point do people look at the size of the deficit, size of the debt, and numbers like these and then conclude it’s not safe to lend us money anymore? It could be much sooner than we think unless we start showing the world we’re serious about controlling spiraling entitlement costs.
This is a reminder that hunter gatherer populations were real and survived quite well into even the modern era making their living as their forebears without much enthusiasm for taking up agriculture. Their problem was simply numbers. They were never bigger that a large family in a living range. Agriculturalists could take the same range and put in place a village were a dozen or so survived.
In time, the band would be absorbed into the larger whole.
At least we now understand these images and their provenance when they are discovered.
Experts solve mystery of ancient stone monument near Atlanta
April 11th, 2011 9:07 am ET
Rock art specialists from around
North America have
finally solved this century old archaeological riddle. The stone slab is
evidence that native peoples from Puerto Rico or Cuba
once lived within the interior of Eastern North America.
One day, long before Christopher Columbus claimed to have landed on the eastern edge of Asia, a forgotten people cut steps in the rocks leading up a steep bluff near the
Chattahoochee River in the northwest section of the State of . They
carved a supernatural figure on a four feet by one foot granite slab and
erected it on the top of the knoll. The strange, primitive art was very
different than the highly realistic stone sculptures found in the region that
are known to have been created by the ancestors of Georgia’s Creek
During the mid-1800s a major industrial complex was developed near the ancient rock shrine. Somehow during the town’s construction, the tablet was overlooked; most likely because of a covering of soil. The town was called New
. It would have
inevitably become a major city of the Southeast, but in the autumn of 1864 the
notorious Union general, William Tecumseh Sherman, ordered the town burned, and
the hundreds of teenage girls who worked at its mills transported to a
concentration camp in the Ohio. Many of the girls were never seen
again. Some died in prison. Some married and stayed in the Manchester Midwest. Some were murdered while they tried to
walk home after the war. Some probably went to the West to start life anew
away from the ruins of war. Some just dissappeared without a trace.
The ruins of New
have remained a testimony to the fact that war is hell. The town was never
rebuilt and its landscape converted back to scrub woodlands within a decade
after the Civil War. In 1909 a man named W. H. Roberts was hunting wild turkeys
in a hilly area next to the ruins of Manchester .
After climbing the bluff over Sweetwater Creek that was known as “an Indian
cemetery” because of the stone artifacts scattered on its slopes, Roberts
happened to notice a granite slab laying flat on the ground. Apparently, rains
had washed away the thin top soil that had concealed it for centuries. Manchester
Most scholars, who viewed the images incised on the slab in the early 1900s, assumed it was created by Native Americans, but had no further explanation. Primitive rock art such as on the slab found by Roberts is now known as petroglyphs. There are now professionals and organizations that have developed the study of petroglyphs into a science, but a century ago such artifacts were viewed as curiosities
Throughout the mid-20th century, the Roberts (or Sweetwater Creek) petroglyph was on display at the
Mansion on Peachtree Street in . This landmark house was the original
office of the Atlanta
Division of Archives and History. After the state agency moved to a large
marble structure near the Capitol, the petroglyphs were put in storage. The
granite slab stayed there until Georgia Sweetwater
Park was created around the ruins of in the 1970s. The slab is now on
display at the park and protected by a Plexiglas screen. Manchester
A comment from a California professor opens Pandora’s Box
The national architecture & design column of the Examiner is currently running a series on the petroglyphs of the
Highlands. One of the articles of this series discussed the
Sweetwater Creek petroglyph and an cluster of petroglyphs on nearby Nickajack
Creek. Filmmaker and amateur archaeologist Jon Haskell of ,
was intrigued by the strange appearance of the Sweetwater Creek petroglyph. He
had filmed documentaries in many parts of the Carmel, Indiana Americas,
but had never seen any petroglyph like the Sweetwater Creek Petroglyph in the . United States
During the first week of April 2011, Haskell sent emails throughout
North America to friends who were either archaeologists,
petroglyph specialists or experts on Native American art. Most of the
responses also expressed bafflement that such a strange petroglyph design would
be found near .
Some respondents commented that it was similar to Ice Age cave art found in Atlanta Spain and North Africa.
However, because of its placement on a hilltop shrine associated with Native
American artifacts, the Sweetwater Petroglyph appears to date from a much more
Stephen C. Jett is a geography professor at the
of California at and a recognized scholar of the
petroglyphs and pictographs of the American Southwest. His brief comment
emailed back to Jon Haskell was the first interpretation in a century that
assigned an ethnic identity to the Sweetwater Petroglyph. He wrote, “It looks
vaguely Caribbean to me, but that's just an impression, I am not conversant
with the rock art of that region.” Davis
Images and descriptions of the Sweetwater Petroglyph were immediately emailed to several specialists on
rock art. The respondents sent back photographs of rock art in Cuba, Puerto Rico and Hispaniola that were the
same style as the one in .
One petroglyph from Georgia Puerto Rico seems to
portray the very same supernatural figure. It is a “guardian spirit” whose
presence warned travelers that they were entering a province or sacred area.
This style of art was typically placed on stone slabs 3-5 tall, which were
located on hilltops or beside major trails.
The Sweetwater Petroglyph is a stone slab 4 feet tall that was originally on a hilltop. It is very significant evidence that Native Americans originally from
Puerto Rico, Cuba or Hispaniola paddled to the Florida Peninsula;
followed the Gulf Coast up to the mouth of the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee
River; then ulitimately settled in the
vicinity of what is now .
The most likely time period for this migration is from 1,000 to 2,000 years
ago, but the date of the carvings on the granite slab are currently unknown. Atlanta
Waves of South American peoples settled the Caribbean Basin
Archaeologists currently believe that the
Basin was settled by waves of peoples
moving northward out of South America. The
presence of the oldest known pottery of the Western Hemisphere in
suggests that there may have also been movements of population and cultural
innovations in the other direction. It is documented, though, that the agricultural
villagers began island-hopping northward out of Georgia Venezuela
around 500 BC and by 500 AD had occupied most islands in the .
These early people grew tobacco and sweet potatoes, but not many other
cultivated plants. Their presence in the Caribbean Basin Caribbean
Basin coincides with the appearance of
tobacco in the Southeastern United States.
In the late 1960s archaeologists working in advance of an industrial park on the
Creek's outlet found three varieties of indigenous sweet potatoes
growing wild. They looked like "bushy" morning glories, but had
large, edible tubers growing underground. Intensive land development since then
has eliminated the wild sweet potato patches. Chattahoochee
A second wave of
by Natives speaking dialects of the Arawak language began around 600 AD.
These immigrants are associated with the Taino People of the Caribbean Basin
and the Timucua of .
They introduced the bow and arrow, plus advanced varieties of Indian corn
to the Florida . They were much sophisticated
artisans and farmers than the first wave of immigrants. The period also marks
the introduction of the bow and arrow, plus advanced varieties of corn into the
Caribbean Basin Southeastern United States. By 1150 AD
the second wave of Arawak immigrants had reached the peninsula. About that same time,
numerous towns with mounds were abandoned in northeastern Florida Florida
as was the large megapolis on the Ocmulgee
River near Macon,
GA, which is now known as .
Ocmulgee National Monument
Caribbean peoples in North America
It is commonly known that the Arawak-speaking Timucua occupied northeastern
Florida and the southeastern tip
of Georgia in the 1500s when
colonized the region. The public is not generally aware that there was also a
small cluster of Arawak-speaking villages in the vicinity of Spain
until the mid-1700s, when they were absorbed by the Creek Indian Confederacy.
The presence of what appears to be an Caribbean rock art in northern Georgia
suggests that the first wave of Caribbean immigrants were pushed northward into
the mainland of North America by the second wave, who were better armed with
bows and arrows, and better fed by a wide range of cultivated crops. Birmingham, AL
In 1541 the Hernando
Expedition observed an ethnic group in what is now South
Carolina that had a culture very similar to the first wave of
Arawak immigrants into the Caribbean. They
were described as primitive hunters who went naked, did not know how to grow
corn and beans, and relied on roots that they dug from the ground for
nutrition. The Creek Indian guides of the expedition called this primitive
people the Chalo-ke, which means bass (fish) people. They were not the same
people as the Cherokees, and are last seen on a map by French cartographer
Delisle, living in southeast
in the early 1700s. Georgia
The earlier occupants of the
depended on hunting, gathering, and the digging up of wild yucca roots
(cassava) or sweet potatoes for nutrition. They went almost naked. The
Guanajatabeyes and Ciboney people were pushed into the western sections of Cuba and Hispaniola
by the more sophisticated Taino. The Ciboney often lived in caves. They both
soon became extinct after the Spanish arrived.
The Sweetwater Petroglyph has never been scientifically dated by geologists. In order to interpret the stone more precisely, the general range of its age must be determined. There may be other stones like it hidden under the soil or forgotten in the basements of museums.