No one is so tied to their ancestral lands today that they must fight..
, Contributor/Ed to Several Encyclopedias of History (1998-present)
Horses had diffused northward from the Spanish settlements from which they were initially traded, stolen, or driven. Thereafter, many tribes turned to secondary horse-trading.
From 1832 to 1849, there were 1,707 recorded encounters, 1000 of which resulted in hostilities between Apache and Mexicans. A total of 1,394 Mexicans were killed, including 774 killed by Apache and 620 killed by Comanche or other unidentified tribes. A total of 559 Indians were reported killed, including 373 Apache and 186 Comanche and unidentified Indians. A Mexican official estimated that 5,000 Sonorans had lost their lives to the Apaches in the 1830s. The town of Arizpe saw its population reduced from 7,000 to 1,500 in a few years and it was necessary to move the capital of the state from there because of Apache attacks. Tucson was attacked several times and 200 people were killed by infiltrating Apache inside the walls of the presidio between 1832 and 1849. Casualty figures for both sides included many women and children. Additional incidents and casualties undoubtedly were unrecorded.