Thursday, May 16, 2019
Most articles on the peopling of the Americas are essentially propaganda
What has become blindingly clear is that the Americas were populated through the Atlantic after Clovis or the Pleistocene nonconformity. The Pacific side also saw migration but obviously much more limited. In fact it may be possible to identify Polynesian dominance in the Pacific Northwest and Chinese or SE Asian dominance in Mexico and Central America. However i see no reason for a sustained contact.
What we had is continuing injections on the Atlantic seaboard, culminating with a steady Bronze Age migration economy not matched until first contact by Columbus.
I do think that this effort powered the rise of mining in the Americas from 2400 BC to serve Eurasian demand. All this mining was open to water transport and the established trade kept it all moving. Recall that in central Ireland that they actually mined copper ores containing and producing 60 to 80 pounds of copper per ton. We did do this again until the 20th century. That made the native coppers of Lake Superior and the Andes very attractive.
During the Bronze Age we had the land masses of Lyonese, Azores ( Atlantis ) and Bahamas Banks ( Poseidon ) to act as stepping stones. These were not islands but huge lands in themselves each equivalent to Britain at least.
Caution: Most articles on the peopling of the Americas are essentially propaganda
Remember in 2012 and 2013 when the US Forest Service, Eastern Band of Cherokees and Georgia Council of Professional Archaeologists were spitting out a series of articles to the media around the nation, claiming that there was no evidence that Mesoamericans ever settled in the United States. One of their key statements was that “no Maya writing has ever been found in Georgia.” Yet the photograph that consistently accompanied their articles was of the Maya glyphs “mako hene Ahau Kukulkan” (Great Sun or High King Lord Kukulkan [Quetzalcoatl] from the Track Rock Petroglyphs in Georgia! LOL Mako hene was the first glyph translated by the famous archaeologist, David Stuart and featured in the popular PBS Nova program “Cracking the Maya Code.”
Simultaneously, some of the key spokespeople for “Maya Myth Busting in the Georgia Mountains,” the Eastern Band of Cherokees Cultural Preservation Office, adopted as its new logo, a shell gorget found in Mound C at Etowah Mounds, Georgia, which portrayed a priestess of the Maya god, Kukulkan. Clearly, all of these self-described experts were clueless about the subject, which they were propagandizing.
However, it gets much more complicated than that. A couple of years ago, I realized that the exact same Maya glyph, which David Stuart translated, can be found on the Nyköping, Sweden petroglyphs, which have been dated to 2000 BC. Then I realized that most of the petroglyphs in the Georgia Gold Belt can be found at Bronze Age sites in either Southern Scandinavia or Southwestern Ireland. About the same time, archaeologists in Florida announced the results of DNA testing for the 7-8,000 year old bodies found in the Windover Bog near Titusville, Florida. They were Archaic Europeans or western Eurasians . . . not terribly different than the Sami of northern Scandinavia today. One wonders why and how these Floridians crossed over the Bering Strait between Siberia and Alaska.
The earliest known settlers of the Amazon Basin were recently discovered to be Australoids. Algonquian, Cherokee and Muskogee-Creek speakers use the same suffix for “people or tribe” that the Gaelic Irish use. The earliest known settlers of Mexico and Chile were Southeast Asians. The Paracusa of the Nazca Plain in Peru were found to be from near the Black Sea. The “Indians” of Baja California and the portions of California, south of Los Angeles, were found to be Polynesians . . . and the Polynesian portion of my family’s ancestry is now being labeled MAORI! Meanwhile a legion of news articles repeatedly remind us that all American Indians came across the Bering Strait . . . at least that’s what the text-message generation news reporter was told to say.
No one knows all the facts – All discussions of the peopling of the Americas involve theories, not absolute facts. Both geneticists and paleontologists in the United States typically present their theories as “the new facts about the people, who settled the Americas,” but in the Americas these facts are all based on incredibly minuscule samples of the total amount of potential samples. Such is not the case in England, Ireland and Scotland in which large numbers of prehistoric skeletons and living citizens have been analyzed by geneticists. Both professions have tended to break up into tribes or religions in which promoting of their cause is more important than getting at the truth. Caucasian anthropologists in the United States also are prone to create simplistic models about about the past rather than present a complex interaction of many dependent and independent variables. Sorry, the latter part of that sentence is a statistics term, but it is the only one that describes the situation.
DNA reports are not what you think they are! Unless one is at one of the world centers of research like the University of Copenhagan, Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, Max Plank Institute, Upsala University or Harvard University, most DNA analyses are really tests that compare the DNA of individuals to DNA test markers from a particular ethnic group. When a commercial lab says that you are 23% Slobovian, it really means that 23% of your genes are like those typical of the average Slobovian . . . but how many Slobovians were sampled to make that test marker? If only 12 people were sampled out of 5.3 million Slobovians, that does not mean a whole lot.
Here is a good example. Until a couple of years ago, we were told that it was a fact that the Sami had little or no Asian ancestry. I knew that was not right, because when Joana the Sami-Austrian* biologist and I went up into the boonies of northern Lapland in her yellow Volkswagen bug, we saw villages where the people looked like American Indians or Central Asians. It turns out that all the DNA laboratories in the world were using a Sami DNA test marker made years ago from a small group of blue-eyed, blond Southern Sami, living near Upsala, Sweden, who really were just Forest Finns. When samples were taken of full-blooded Northern Sami, they were found to have high levels of several Asiatic test markers. In fact, it is now know that Central and Northern Swedes such as beloved Agnetha ABBA Fältskog can be up to 38% Asiatic. At right is a pre-ABBA Agnetha before a nose job and teeth braces, when she liked to dress up like an Amerikanska Indien. * During the Roman Era, a band of Sami migrated to the section of the Alps that divide Austria and Switzerland. Their descendants have black hair and tan skin.
So . . . here are some real facts to consider when reading the latest Peopling of the Americas news story
The Atlantic and Gulf coastlines of the Southeastern United States are now 60 to 100 miles farther inland than they were 10,000 years ago. Many villages, camp sites, artifacts and human remains were covered by the rising waters. Around 1995, professional underwater archaeologists, employed by the State of Georgia, found several Neanderthal-type camp sites on the Continental shelf with flint artifacts, probably mined at or near the Topper Site on the Savannah River. The response of the state’s architectural oligarchs was to demand the firing/ostracizing of these two young men and the disappearance of the artifacts. The 55,000 year old artifacts found by Dr. Al Goodyear at the Topper Site on the Savannah River, look identical to those made by Sinanthropus pekinensis (Peking Man) in eastern China and coastal Siberia. Remember 90-95% of the indigenous peoples of the Americas died in the Great Native American Holocaust! Entire ethnic groups in Southeast are known to have been wiped out by British Slave Raids and European diseases. Many DNA test markers for tribes in Central and South America were made from a small number of modern descendants. These people have been intermarrying with the Spanish and Africans for five centuries. No DNA test markers exist for many tribes living in the remote parts of Central and South America. Many geneticists and anthropologists are ignoring the discovery of Australoid, Polynesian, Paracas-Black Sea, Archaic European and Southeast Asian DNA in indigenous Americans when promoting the latest version of the Bering Strait Land Bridge Theory. There are no internationally accepted DNA test markers for the modern indigenous tribes of the Southeastern United States, which by far was the most densely populated region north of Mexico. No one is even trying now to make a Creek-Seminole DNA test marker. Word got out in the Southeast’s anthropology schools that Creeks were being labeled as Mesoamericans by commercial DNA labs. That meant that the Mayas did come to Georgia . . . so no decent genetics professor wants to be the one to bring shame to their colleagues in Anthropology. On individual DNA tests for Uchees and Creeks, all the Sami, Finnish, Eurasian, Basque, Iberian, Scandinavian and Pre-Gaelic Irish DNA is being classified as post-European contact, when actually their ancestors arrived on the Savannah River at least 3,000 years ago. Cherokee DNA tests are a farce. First of all, a huge percentage of Cherokees are descended from women and children captured on slave raids around the Eastern United States. Many more today are mostly or totally Caucasian.
At least two Cherokee bands in western North Carolina originally spoke Ladino (Late Medieval Spanish Hebrew). When a University of Tennessee professor couldn’t find any consistent genetic patterns in North Carolina Cherokees, he obtained DNA from seven pre-Columbian skeletons in a Creek burial mound on the Little Tennessee River and called them Cherokee. Desperate for any Cherokee genetic material, an increasing number of PhD candidates around the nation are using his results as a test marker for Modern Cherokees, then comparing them to other tribes with legitimate DNA test markers. These scholars are making broad statements about Cherokee history, which really are about Creek history. Florida Apalachee DNA is being misinterpreted. The Florida Apalachee were Arawaks from Peru or the Amazon Basin. All their village names are either Southern Arawak or Panoan words, such as Apalachen. However, since DNA samples from a few Colonial Period Apalachee skeletons were obtained, several professors are using the Apalachee DNA test results as a Creek DNA test marker. The results of these interpolations are totally bogus. Historians and anthropologists have totally erased the major presence of Arawaks and Panoans in Alabama, Georgia and Tennessee – probably, regions farther north, too. Many hybrid Paracas skulls have been found in central Mexico and throughout the State of Georgia. They have either been ignored or labeled “skulls with flattened foreheads.” Flattened foreheads have been found also, but they look entirely different. My former next door neighbor in Woodstock, Virginia, the late archaeologist, William Gardner of Thunderbird Associates, found permanent villages with as many as 1000 residents on the Shenandoah River, which dated back 6-10,000 years ago. His incontestable findings were ignored by his peers because they conflicted with the orthodox portrayal of Post-Ice Age North America being populated by a sparse number of primitive hunter-gatherers.