Academe is far behind and has not exploited the rapidly increasing trove of DNA data been produced. This is something that a lone researcher can do along with gathering key cultural information as well.
We know that the mining industry drove the initial contact and it is not hard to imagine losers in the Indian wars picking up the tribe and taking to the sea to go to the one destination already established.
I live in the mountains of Southwest Virginia. People always said that we were Cherokees, but all our family remembers is being enemies of the Cherokees. All the Indian families in our county are getting back reports that say we are from South America. That does not make any sense. We don’t know anybody in our family history, who was from South America. I thought the test results were probably flukes, but told her to please tell her friends that their DNA results were welcomed too.