Saturday, August 22, 2015

Five billion light years across: The largest feature in the universe

  This is a neat discovery and nicely challenges present models as been too simple yet.  all good.  I view anything said about the cosmos aa terribly tentative and hopelessly biased by our local observations..  Using that position as our standard, it is best often to keep collecting data.

The harsh truth remains that we should not be satisfied in terms of our whole approach to determining distance.  That ring could be close by and simply moving fast.  Better imagine it is part of a spiral effect as well.  Where does all that leave you?

The truth is that we are all speculating until we produce a wormhole compliant space craft able to jump out into deep space to begin real triangulation.  Curiously, i am no longer afraid that i lack sound starting points. Just bring gobs of coin for that one.  It needs a lot of engineering effort unlike my present efforts releasing energy from 'Dark' matter.

Five billion light years across: The largest feature in the universe

Posted by TANNAstronomy, Breakingnews, Universe 10:30 AM 

A Hungarian-US team of astronomers have found what appears to be the largest feature in the observable universe: 

a ring of nine gamma ray bursts -- and hence galaxies -- 5 billion light years across. 

The scientists, led by Prof Lajos Balazs of Kokoly Observatory in Budapest, report their work in a paper in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. An image of the distribution of GRBs on the sky at a distance of 7 billion light years, centred on the newly discovered ring. The positions of the GRBs are marked by blue dots and the Milky Way is indicated for reference, running from left to right across the image [Credit: L. Balazs] 

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are the most luminous events in the universe, releasing as much energy in a few seconds as the Sun does over its 10 billion year lifetime. They are thought to be the result of massive stars collapsing into black holes. 

Their huge luminosity helps astronomers to map out the location of distant galaxies, something the team exploited. The GRBs that make up the newly discovered ring were observed using a variety of space- and ground-based observatories. They appear to be at very similar distances from us -- around 7 billion light years -- in a circle 36° across on the sky, or more than 70 times the diameter of the Full Moon. 

This implies that the ring is more than 5 billion light years across, and according to Prof Balazs there is only a 1 in 20,000 probability of the GRBs being in this distribution by chance. Most current models indicate that the structure of the cosmos is uniform on the largest scales. This 'Cosmological Principle' is backed up by observations of the early universe and its microwave background signature, seen by the WMAP and Planck satellites. 

Other recent results and this new discovery challenge the principle, which sets a theoretical limit of 1.2 billion light years for the largest structures. The newly discovered ring is almost five times as large. If the ring represents a real spatial structure, then it has to be seen nearly face-on because of the small variations of GRB distances around the object's centre. The ring could though instead be a projection of a sphere, where the GRBs all occurred within a 250 million year period, a short timescale compared with the age of the universe. 

A spheroidal ring projection would mirror the strings of clusters of galaxies seen to surround voids in the universe; voids and string-like formations are seen and predicted by many models of the cosmos. The newly discovered ring is however at least ten times larger than known voids. Prof Balazs comments: "If we are right, this structure contradicts the current models of the universe. It was a huge surprise to find something this big -- and we still don't quite understand how it came to exist at all." The team now want to find out more about the ring, and establish whether the known processes for galaxy formation and large scale structure could have led to its creation, or if astronomers need to radically revise their theories of the evolution of the cosmos.

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