This item helps us catch up on current DNA work which is nicely confirming my conjecture regarding the general extent of the Atlantean world. What is missing of course is the subsuded land masses that represented the actual core of this world.
This distribution is only possible by plenty of direct colonization over the thousand year span of the high Bronze Age in which Atlantean shipping became truly global. We now understand that significant colonization took place in the Mississippi valley. The mound builders were a dominant class able to supply trade goods and knowledge to local communities.
What is most surprising is just how persuasive the European penetration became. I for one did not start with that as a start point at all but came to it as brick after brick arrived and built an edifice of data. it was never anything other than Bronze Age but it was fed by normal trade and a natural currency that consisted of small copper ingots.
The mound building and the pyramid aspect expanded globally and may have had a technological principle behind it all. We do not know for sure yet.
What is surely clear is that seagoing allowed America to be discovered early. Serious trade began around 2500 BC. Add in major islands around the Azores and Lyonesse to make things easier and a France sized land mass on the Bahama Bank and navigation becomes completely creditable.
The Legendary Hyperborea and the Ancient Greeks: Who Really Discovered America?
In his story of Atlantis, written at around 360 BC, Plato mentioned a grand island or continent across the Atlantic, one larger than Libya and Asia combined. This continent was so enormous, he said, “it encompassed (wrapped around) that veritable ocean”. Is it possible that Plato was talking about the American continent and not that of Atlantis, as many automatically assume when they read that story for the first time?
Let's not ignore that many scholars and researchers also show that proper translation of Plato's text places Atlantis in the Mediterranean and not in the Atlantic, or some other exotic location. Aside from those claims though, is it conceivable to accept that the ancient Greeks, around the 4th century BC, knew of the American continent across the Atlantic? Interestingly, several clues suggest that this may not be such an outlandish assumption after all.
Roughly twenty years ago, in 1996, Mark McMenamin, a professor of geology at Mount Holyoke College in the United States, discovered and interpreted a series of enigmatic markings on the reverse side of a Carthaginian gold coin, minted circa 350 BC, as an ancient map of the world. In the center of this world map there is a clear depiction of the Mediterranean basin. An image to the right of it is interpreted to represent Asia, while the image to the left is interpreted to represent the American continent. Professor McMenamin also found that all known specimens of this type of coin formed the same type of “world” map. This was an interesting discovery, no doubt; however, what is most interesting about this find, is that this particular Carthaginian coin was minted within the same decade when Plato unveiled the story of Atlantis and revealed that there was a large continent across from the Pillars of Hercules.
Carthaginian coins from circa 310–290 BC. Representational image only. (Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com / CC BY-SA 2.5 )
The Piri Reis MapThe Piri Reis world map, named after its maker, a Turkish admiral and renowned cartographer (1465-1553), drawn in 1513, merely two decades after the ‘discovery’ of America by Christopher Columbus, depicts the west coast of Africa, Europe, as well as the entire American continent on the Atlantic side. According to Piri Reis, however, his controversial map was based on several other charts, many dating as early as the 4th century BC!
Map of the world by Ottoman admiral Piri Reis, drawn in 1513. ( Public Domain )
Although the controversy in Piri Reis' map significantly diminishes without Antarctica in it, the existence of this map still helps reinforce a couple of assumptions made earlier. If truly Piri Reis borrowed from other ancient maps dating back to the 4th century BC, then unquestionably this reinforces the suggestion that Plato, at 360 BC, could have been aware of the American continent in order to include it in his story.
Moreover, is it possible that the apparent flaw on Piri Reis' map, which most likely also appeared on the much older originals, explains why Plato was under the false impression that the immense continent across from the Pillars of Hercules “encompassed” (wrapped around) the Atlantic Ocean. Just as in the northern hemisphere, where North America, along with Greenland, Iceland and few other islands seem to encompass the North Atlantic.
Map by Abraham Ortelius, Amsterdam 1572: at the top left Oceanvs Hyperborevs separates Iceland from Greenland. ( Public Domain )<a href="http://us-ads.openx.net/w/1.0/rc?cs=15f7cb06bf&cb=1454442896508&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ancient-origins.net%2Fancient-places-americas%2Flegendary-hyperborea-