We discuss and comment on the role agriculture will play in the containment of the CO2 problem and address protocols for terraforming the planet Earth.
A model farm template is imagined as the central methodology. A broad range of timely science news and other topics of interest are commented on.
Friday, August 27, 2010
Fuel Treatment Proves Out
This provides pretty unambiguous confirmation of the successful application of fuel treatment as an ongoing forestry practice. As I have posted in the past, the woodland Indians made a practice of just that and produced a huge healthy forest of old growth trees no one properly appreciated.
The challenge now is to organize communities to become involved because it ultimately needs manpower to implement everywhere. The forest service cannot keep an army on standby for a couple of weeks work.
It returns us to my original theme that woodlands need to be actively managed in such a way as to promote growth and eliminate surpluses. The waste does not have to be burned. It can be chipped and converted to charcoal and that is presently not been done.
This is at least a sound beginning to the establishment of best practice. There are vast regions in which fire suppression created major problems and I suspect that these are now been rectified as quickly as is practical now that everybody knows better.
Pacific Northwest Research Station | U.S.Forest Service
Fuel treatments reduce wildfire severity, tree mortality in Washington forests
PORTLAND, Ore. August 25, 2010. A study conducted by U.S. Forest Service and University of Washington (UW) scientists has found that fuel treatments—even of only a few acres—can reduce fire severity and protect older trees desirable for their timber, wildlife, and carbon-storage value. The finding is part of a three-year study of the 175,000-acre Tripod Fire and is published in the August issue of Canadian Journal of Forest Research.
“This study provides the most definitive evidence yet of the effectiveness of fuel treatments in dry forests of the Pacific Northwest,” said Susan Prichard, a UW research scientist and senior author of the study. “If dense forests are thinned and the surface fuels are removed, then ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir trees have a better chance of surviving an intense wildfire.”
Prichard and her Forest Service colleagues quantified tree mortality on the Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest in an area affected by the 2006 Tripod Fire, which burned through forested areas managed to reduce potential fire hazard. Because of the management history of the area, the researchers were able to compare untreated stands, stands that were thinned, and stands that were thinned and then underwent prescribed burns to remove surface fuels.
Results of the comparison revealed that the Tripod Complex fires killed over 80% of trees in stands without treatment and in stands with thinning only. Nearly 60% of trees survived in stands with thinning plus fuel treatment, and three-quarters of larger trees—those with diameters larger than 8 inches—survived.
“It’s all about fuels—dead fuels on the ground add energy to wildfire and carry it across the landscape and dense stands of live trees and shrubs act as fuel ladders, moving fire into the canopy,” said Dave Peterson, a research biologist with the Forest Service’s Pacific Northwest Research Station who coauthored the study. “The objective of fuel treatments is not to eliminate wildfires, but to reduce their intensity in areas where we want to protect resources.”
If, as expected, a warmer climate causes an increase in wildfire in future decades, conducting fuel treatments in forest ecosystems will be an important tool for reducing damage from fire and increasing resilience to climate change.
“If we implement treatments across large areas and place them strategically, we can manage these low-elevation forests sustainably, even in a warmer climate,” Peterson said.