Friday, July 24, 2020
Black Lives Matters is a Bolshevik Revolution and Who Holds the Balance of the World?
Another reminder that this whole stunt is an application of the Bolshevik playbook. This makes it very dangerous in itself, but today it is opposed by one Trump who is allowing it all to play out for awhile.
Then you locate and grab the leaders out promoting it all. That jist happened in Portland. Then it all goes dead quite and those leaders then spend months defending their actions in court.
Understand that all this activity was preplanned to happen with HRC in charge. She was of course a willing accomplice. They are running it anyway in hopes of somehow changing what is coming..
Black Lives Matters is a Bolshevik Revolution and Who Holds the Balance of the World?
By David K. Lifschultz, Guest Writer July 20, 2020
July 20, 2020
Black Lives Matter proposals for the US is a preliminary stage revolutionary program for the purpose of overthrowing the government of the United States. The program is to stab the police in the back which is the first line of defence of the society which is part of the defund police program and the elimination of the police to be replaced by social workers. The stupidity is laughable but the controlled media of the Trotskyite financiers and oligarchs laps it up as they did before the Bolshevik Revolution. This has succeeded in massively demoralizing the police departments of the United States as we saw in New York City and Minneapolis and Seattle where the police stood by watching the rioters and looters destroy and steal private and public property. Then, the national guard and army must be similarly demoralized which will destroy the ability of the society to defend itself. This revolutionary program is discussed in detail in the piece below entitled: "Who Control The Balance of Power in the World" in the part discussing the Bolshevik Revolution. George Soros, a Rothschild agent, is financing this revolution as the Rothschilds did the Bolshevik Revolution through their agent Parvus. In one of his books George mentions that a named person got him into the US. That named person ran the US for Baron Eduard de Rothschild and his successors. That named party gave Paul Volcker his orders to institute my anti-inflation plan in 1979 that I was requested to write as a favour. I asked George why he would do such a thing as reveal this name and he turned white as a ghost as did his wife. I then went on to say I could summarize his eleven or so number of books in two words. He asked what they were and I said free will. He replied that was an oversimplification. This took place at the Huggy Bear Party at the Hamptons. He was so upset that the beautiful tennis player from Lazard that was with me, who played in the US Open against Lindsay Davenport, was never invited again to his estate in the Hamptons to play doubles tennis with him though she had been a regular feature there sitting at lunch with all the grandees.
A partner organization to Black Lives Matter, the Movement for Black Lives, or M4BL, calls for abolishing all police and all prisons. It also calls for a “progressive restructuring of tax codes at the local, state and federal levels to ensure a radical and sustainable redistribution of wealth.” Another M4BL demand is “the retroactive decriminalization, immediate release and record expungement of all drug-related offenses and prostitution and reparations for the devastating impact of the ‘war on drugs’ and criminalization of prostitution.”
However, this is the revolutionary stage of a Marxist Revolution but not the final as we see in Fidel Castro. Fidel Castro was a vigorous opponent of prostitution and drugs which go together as the prostitution often is used by the women to support their drug use. Fidel maintained that in Cuba all women had "sufficient for their need" and did not have to prostitute themselves to get by. See his comments next on Cuba:
But the problem came back at the start of the 1990s against a backdrop of increased economic hardship for locals, and an opening to tourism which brought foreigners flooding back.
"The situation was very tough," Fidel Castro said, in what was only his second reference to prostitution in public following a January 1998, speech where he declared war on various growing vices, including prostitution, drugs and violent crime.
"Some people were coming here with ideas of sexual tourism ... There were cases of what we call 'jineterismo'," he said, using a Cuban slang word for street-hustling and prostitution.
Nor is it surprising to find major businesses supporting Black Lives Matter just as major business forces in Moscow before the Bolshevik Revolution supported Trotsky and Lenin as discussed in the study below. These Trotskyite businessmen are the same traitors to the United States who undermined the lower classes in their massive class hatred by offshoring their production wiping out almost all the good factory wages. They are linked to the Trotskyite financiers on Wall Street in an unholy combination. Since the financiers as Rothschild were behind this, the currencies were rigged by dirty floats so the exporting nations to the US would not find their currency rising offsetting the wage differential. Since the financial oligarchs control the central banks, the dirty floats were sanctioned. In fact, when I asked a young lady I knew at the Federal Reserve in New York City why the buying by the Japanese of US dollars in a dirty float operation was not calculated as the most important factor in the determination of the exchange rate in the weekly reports of the New York Fed, she said what a good point this was and she would check with William J. McDonough. She later replied that she was shocked that he refused to discuss it saying it was unimportant. I later met with Bill when I asked him about the dirty floats, he said the amounts were meaningless against a turnover on the foreign exchange markets of what is today 6.6 trillion dollars a day which was a ridiculous answer as turnover has nothing to do with currency disequilibrium but deficits do. He was very scared and upset.
But these enemies of the American people not only fostered dirty floats as if it were not enough to take away the jobs of Americans by offshoring, they further stabbed the American labourer in the back by flooding the nation with over 100 million legal and illegal immigrants for the sole purpose of lowering the wage level of American workers so that they could not afford to have a family with one breadwinner, and forced their wives into the labour market just to survive which drove wages down further in the name of Civil Rights for women were added to immigrants as a new source of keeping the wage down. The purpose of giving women equal wages was to draw them out of the home to compete against their own husbands for jobs which lowered the wage level even more. No longer was there a family wage for the breadwinner to raise a bunch of children.
The black immigrants from the southern US destabilized the poor neighbourhoods as crime rose to astronomic levels causing white flight as the whites fled for their lives whipped from their homes by the Trotskyite financiers from areas like the weekend battleground of South Chicago to new suburbs costing the nation tens of trillions of unnecessary dollars if the destabilization had not been fostered by Trotskyism. Now AOC wants to crush the whites further by placing South Chicago housing for the poor in the suburbs. Then, the suburbs will not be safe. Where will the Anglo-Saxon flee next whipped by the Trotskyite oligarchs?
Even when the working husband and wife could hardly afford any children which gave rise to the ubiquitous moral perversions present in American society that are now fostered by the infamous Red Three Trotskyites on the Supreme Court in the name of Ginsberg, Breyer and Kagan. In the Senate the Trotskyites Levin and Lieberman sodomized the armed forces.
The US Civil Rights movement had as their main goal the recruiting of blacks from the south into the north to lower the wages of the northern labourers between 1900 to 1965, and when that attack on the wages of northern whites ebbed as the wage level stabilized, the Trotskyite business interests used as their tool the Trotskyite Senator Jacob Javits to introduce the 1965 immigration bill to attack the wages now of the blacks and the whites also in the name of Civil Rights.
The Trotskyite editor of the Wall Street Journal, Robert Bartley, told me at a dinner at the Harvard Club that his secret agenda was to import as many blacks from Africa, South Americans from South America, and Asians from Asia until the wage level in the United States was the same as in South America, Africa and Asia. What he wanted to see was the wage level rise in Africa, South America, and Asia as they lost workers to the United States, and the wage level in the US to fall in the US as they were flooded with immigrants until they reached international equilibrium. It did not matter to him if we imported a half a billion blacks from Africa. Then we could compete on a level wage playing field. In other words, as Asians left Asia the Asian supply of workers in Asia would fall causing wages to rise, and as the Asians came into the United States the US wage level would fall. The same with Africans and South Americans.
Bartley's concept was that people were forms of soulless merchandise to be traded as stock on the Wall Street slave market or to be traded as cattle (Hilary Clinton's deplorables), and where there was a shortage of cattle in the United States we would import the cattle where there was a surplus as in Africa. In other words, the US would import blacks as cattle. The reserve army of the unemployed for the United States would be the third world workers to be used as a whip against the rebellious American workers who wanted a higher salary so that they could raise a family. In other words, the African slave who was imported to the US for slavery is still being imported as a slave from Africa but only the nomenclature has changed from chattel slave to wage slave. In fact, the black American wage slave is now finding out that he is in a worse position than under George Washington and Thomas Jefferson for when the economy had a depression the Washington and Jefferson slaves still had a home and food but today's wage slaves and their families are being thrown into the street to join homeless in Los Angeles and San Francisco. Bartley went on to say that if the readers of the Wall Street Journal realized what his secret goals were which were those of the Wall Street Trotskyites, he would be ousted as editor.
Is it any wonder that America is becoming a Hell on earth?
WHO HOLD THE BALANCE OF THE WORLD?
DON JUAN BY LORD BYRON
CANTO THE TWELFTH
Who hold the balance of the World? Who reign
O'er congress, whether royalist or liberal?
Who rouse the shirtless patriots of Spain?
(That make old Europe's journals "squeak and gibber" all)
Who keep the World, both old and new, in pain
Or pleasure? Who make politics run glibber all?
The shade of Buonaparte's noble daring?--
Jew Rothschild, and his fellow-Christian, Baring.
The Kiev Coup in the Ukraine is part of an historical effort by the Anglo-Saxon nations to dismantle Russia fearing the geographical sprawl of the Russian Empire. As Russia spread eastward it began to approach India which was the crown jewel of the British Empire and so the British determined that Russian power had to be broken. In the late nineteenth century Great Britain through the Rothschild Milner group began to recruit the United States through their subordinate banker J. P. Morgan to join their geopolitical interests together as they did not believe that they had the power alone to achieve these goals. These connections are considerably treated and connected in Carroll Quigley's "Tragedy And Hope" as the Milner Group opened their records to him. What Quigley was not shown was that the power of the Rothschild Banking Family controlled Europe, the United States and the world through the interconnected banking systems through all the central banks until 1940 and were a substantial but diminished force thereafter.
This is laid out in "Coningsby" by Benjamin Disraeli who wrote this to convince the Rothschilds that he should not be overlooked for advancement understanding all their techniques and rose to be Prime Minister and a Rothschild was a pallbearer at his funeral.
Here is how the master plan works:
"Abstraction, difficult at it is, is the source of practical power. A financier, whose dealings with the world are more abstract than any other practical man, is also more powerful than any other practical man. He can deal in wheat or cotton without needing ever to have seen either: all he needs to know is whether they will go up or down." (Lord Bertrand Russell from "ABCs of Relativity"). The manner n which the market is controlled is discussed in the article below entitled: "Stochastic Control Theory".
We point out in our piece entitled "Goethe, Faust and the Euro" how these hypothecated abstractions have been used to take over the whole world by the Rothschilds over two and fifty hundred years ago through the the financial use of currency hypothecations, or abstractions, as Goethe showed in his "Faust" in the early part of Part Two. Mephistopheles represented Mayer Amshel Rothschild. This is what Lord Russell was telling us.
This same Disraeli humiliated Russia at the Congress of Vienna by stopping them from achieving any gains from their victory over the Turks that elicited this exclamation from Bismarck regarding Disraeli that "Der alte Jude, das ist der Mann" (The Old Jew, he is the man.) Of course, he had the Rothschilds behind him which made him. Disraeli predicts in this 1844 novel "Coningsby" the revolution of 1848 that swept Europe and raised the Rothschilds to such power that Metternich who had exalted them to honor and made them Barons had to flee Vienna as a vagabond as they cracked their 1848 whip over him.
Excerpted from "Coningsby" by Benjamin Disraeli:
'You never observe a great intellectual movement in Europe in which the Jews do not greatly participate. The first Jesuits were Jews; that mysterious Russian Diplomacy which so alarms Western Europe is organized and principally carried on by Jews; that mighty revolution which is at this moment preparing in Germany, and which will be, in fact, a second and greater Reformation, and of which so little is as yet known in England, is entirely developing under the auspices of Jews, who almost monopolise the professorial chairs of Germany. Neander, the founder of Spiritual Christianity, and who is Regius Professor of Divinity in the University of Berlin, is a Jew. Benary, equally famous, and in the same University, is a Jew. Wehl, the Arabic Professor of Heidelberg, is a Jew. Years ago, when I was In Palestine, I met a German student who was accumulating materials for the History of Christianity, and studying the genius of the place; a modest and learned man. It was Wehl; then unknown, since become the first Arabic scholar of the day, and the author of the life of Mahomet. But for the German professors of this race, their name is Legion. I think there are more than ten at Berlin alone.
'I told you just now that I was going up to town tomorrow, because I always made it a rule to interpose when affairs of State were on the carpet. Otherwise, I never interfere. I hear of peace and war in newspapers, but I am never alarmed, except when I am informed that the Sovereigns want treasure; then I know that monarchs are serious. 'A few years back we were applied, to by Russia. Now, there has been no friendship between the Court of St. Petersburg and my family. It has Dutch connections, which have generally supplied it; and our representations in favour of the Polish Hebrews, a numerous race, but the most suffering and degraded of all the tribes, have not been very agreeable to the Czar. However, circumstances drew to an approximation between the Romanoffs and the Sidonias (pseudonym for Rothschild in the novel). I resolved to go myself to St. Petersburg. I had, on my arrival, an interview with the Russian Minister of Finance, Count Cancrin; I beheld the son of a Lithuanian Jew. The loan was connected with the affairs of Spain; I resolved on repairing to Spain from Russia. I travelled without intermission. I had an audience immediately on my arrival with the Spanish Minister, Senor Mendizabel; I beheld one like myself, the son of a Nuevo Christiano, a Jew of Arragon. In consequence of what transpired at Madrid, I went straight to Paris to consult the President of the French Council; I beheld the son of a French Jew, a hero, an imperial marshal, and very properly so, for who should be military heroes if not those who worship the Lord of Hosts?' 'And is Soult a Hebrew?' 'Yes, and others of the French marshals, and the most famous; Massena, for example; his real name was Manasseh: but to my anecdote. The consequence of our consultations was, that some Northern power should be applied to in a friendly and mediative capacity. We fixed on Prussia; and the President of the Council made an application to the Prussian Minister, who attended a few days after our conference. Count Arnim entered the cabinet, and I beheld a Prussian Jew. So you see, my dear Coningsby, that the world is governed by very different personages from what is imagined by those who are not behind the scenes.'
This is how it was before World War One where each nation's cabinet had a proponent for war such as a fanatical Rothschild Slavophile in Russia, or a Rothschild Germanophile in Germany, or Rothschild flunky in England or France. The conductor was Baron Eduard de Rothshchild and the others were the players in his orchestra following the directions of the conductor orchestrating each side in the conflict. Thus, through this orchestra the Baron created World War One. Later we quote from John Buchan, First Baron Tweedsmuir, that gained his knowledge as Secretary to Lord Milner himself the Rothschild agent. It was the Baron Eduard who through British Intelligence ordered the slaying of the Tsar and his family which orders were followed by Lenin as the British King was merely his puppet as all power transferred over a hundred years before to the merchant bankers that were the powers behind the scenes.
The representatives from the Rothschild bank and the representatives of their subordinate banker J. P. Morgan had meetings with President Woodrow Wilson in 1915 to lend money to the British and French to pay for the munitions that these two countries were purchasing. These war sales from what were later called the merchants of death had a very stimulative effect on the US economy also cited as a justification of the loans. These large loans were approved as the sale of these munitions were considered very important to our exports but were opposed by Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan who said these loans violated our proclamation of neutrality and would drag us into the war but was overruled. Bryan resigned and he was right. The US sold Britain and France 7 billion dollars in goods for the war which is 700 billion dollars in today's dollar. The cost of World War One was a hundred billion dollars or a ten trillion dollars in today's money. It is not logical to believe that we spent ten trillion dollars to save our 700 billion in loans. That would not be good business and the business of America is business. Or so we might think. (Source for this paragraph "The Devil Theory Of War" by Charles A. Beard, though this information is no theory. He was the most prominent historian in America at the time.)
The actual goals of World War One (and also World War Two) of Britain were to destroy two major powers, that was their ally Russia, and their enemy Germany. Germany had antagonized Britain by starting the building of a major fleet which was intolerable to the mistress of the seas that the dismissed Bismarck had wisely had no interest in. The Kaiser was interested in Alfred Thayer Mahan which demonstrates how a nation can be destroyed over a theory. So Germany had to be destroyed. What better way was there to do that as in World War Two but to have Germany and Russia fight it out destroying themselves. This was the goal of the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of Britain Edward Grey for World War One. This also was the position of Britain in World War Two as both Germany and Russia had been rebuilt by Hitler and Stalin so that they had to do it all over again. The fact that Britain sent supplies to Russia, and later the United States did the same in World War Two largely through Alaskan ports did not mean that they loved Russia as the Entente did this in World War One. They were merely using Russia as cannon fodder and did not want Germany to win but that both should bleed themselves to death leaving the division of Europe and the world to the those that remained of the Entente or actually the Anglo-Saxons.
Britain had been an an early sponsor of Hitler through their intelligence agencies financing the National Socialist Party in the 1920s as Hitler spoke favorably of England in his "Mein Kampf" and lent huge sums of money in 1933 to Hitler (Schacht-Norman transactions) to build Germany up for the purpose of Germany attacking Russia. Here again they could kill two birds with one stone. George Washington in his Farewell address warned against our getting involved in these foreign entanglements which is the next group of articles after this one.
The underlying philosophy is what they call geopolitics largely of Halford Mackinder. Though Great Britain ruled the waves, they as the United States have a hard time projecting power on land in the Eurasian land mass based on the large expanse of ocean between us and if Britain could not clip the wings of Russia before they reached India they would find themselves in an impossible position to defend India by the sea against the Russian land power. Russia had to be destroyed from the east before they reached India. There is a great deal to this opinion and this was capably used by Baron Eduard de Rothschild as a cover for his desire to destroy and root out the Tsar. The Baron really did not care about any European powers but their own personal interests. The Tsar was their enemy and they would use any contrivance to destroy him.
It was Mackinder's analysis that whoever controlled the Eurasian land mass would control the world. This was what World War One was really all about on the surface and the Milner Rothschild Group had set up the United States to be their ally in making sure the Eurasian land mass was not taken over by Russia or Germany if the latter conquered Europe and then went for Eurasia as Germany in World War Two tried to do after defeating France. The goal of Germany was to link up with Japan controlling from the English Channel to the Pacific. Of course, there were lots of lying propaganda to cover up the true motives of the Entente and allies of World War Two that would be hard to sell to the public based on the truth.
This was realized in this exchange between Goering and Hitler:
Goring: They (Britain and America) entered the war so that we would not reach the east (Japan in China), but not so the East (Russia) would reach the Atlantic.
Hitler: That's quite clear.
Source: "Hitler And His Generals", the stenographic record of military conferences, page 649.
And by Stalin:
We (Milovan Djilas and Stalin) stopped on our way to the dining room to view a map on the wall of the world where the Russia was colored in red. Stalin waved his hand over Russia and said: "They (the US and Britain) will never accept the idea of such a great space should be red, never, never!"
"Conversations with Stalin" by Milovan Djilas, page 74.
These same geopolitical ideas underlie the present struggle with Russia. The United States fought World War Two to prevent Germany and Japan uniting the Eurasian land mass between them as that would have enabled them to control the world following Brzezinski but really lost that objective when Russia and China allied together in 1949 controlling from East Germany to the Pacific via China. The US thus essentially lost World War Two and the treasure we expended was a total waste. The US made a quick reverse turning Japan and Germany into allies against Russia and China pushing back against this Russian-Chinese alliance. They called this the Cold War. The US recoiled as it is now from the present 2014 Russian and Chinese alliance after having separated them under Nixon. And now they are back together. That is what the present conflict is all about.
The US had a breakthrough in 1991 when Russia collapsed and hastened to separate the Ukraine and Baltic States from Russia and large swathes of Central Asia. And for the first time Russia is showing great resistance to any further effort to dismantle them having rebuilt their military into the strongest in the world outlined in detail in the in articles below this one. Its impenetrable S-500 and S-600 defensive missile systems were such a dramatic breakthrough that the US can no longer even be regarded as a global power their present power being held together only by their control of the world payment mechanism (CHIPS and SWIFT). The US in a kind of hysteria of sanction manias connected with its massive decline in industrial power comparing nine million motor vehicle production per year in the US to 29 in China demonstrates the point that the US has become a secondary power. Next we discuss how this Anglo-Saxon aggression against Russia worked out historically starting with Russia in World War One.
This is what the allies did to Russia in 1918. The allies France, Britain and the United States had two goals in World War One which was to destroy Russia and Germany. Russia was hoodwinked into an alliance with France after Kaiser Wilhelm stupidly abrogated the Reinsurance Treaty with Russia precipitating two world wars where the second was really a continuation of the first. England hated Russia as it feared their border was coming too close to their India and the country had to be broken up. This went against what Lord Palmerston called British interests as he explained that "Britain had no permanent friends or enemies but only permanent interests". It was not only Germany who acted to destroy Russia by Parvus-Lenin, see video below, but the intelligence agencies of Britain, France and the US (there was no OSS then so this was politically engineered) who acted in Russia in support of the Bolsheviks to bring Russia down low under the approach described above.
British intelligence had great influence on Lenin-Trotsky pushing him to liquidate the Tsar and his family and most of the Romanovs except the Romanov whose book we quote from below. The British royal family was interested in the jewels of the mother-in-law of Grand Duke Alexander that the British royals wear to this day. Thus, the British intelligence agencies ordered Lenin to protect Grand Duke Alexander, his mother-in-law and other family members with him in the Crimea who were personally protected by Lenin under British orders. In other words, Lenin reported to both German intelligence and British intelligence in these days when his position was so precarious and he was juggling between the two for survival. And Lenin was ordered by England to kill the Tsar, his wife, his children and the other Romanovs so that there could be no rallying around the deposed Tsar or Romanovs as desired by the Baron.
Here are the observations of General Max Hoffmann, who was a senior commander of the German Army on the eastern front and by far their most brilliant, about how England treated their ally Russia:
"In March, 1917, at that moment of great difficulty, an event took place affecting the history of the world and which gave Germany once again the possibility of a major victory--this was the beginning of the Russian Revolution. The Tsar had realized that Russia was unable any longer to support the burden of the War, and by continuing it he would expose the state to severe internal convulsions. He was therefore considering the question of a separate peace. In this, however, he calculated without taking consideration the will of England. The British Ambassador in Petrograd, Sir George Buchanan had received orders to prevent a Russian separate peace at any price, and he acted in accordance with his instructions when he joined Kerensky and Gutschkov in deposing the Tsar."
General Hoffmann thought that he could negotiate a peace with Kerensky, and was tricked by Kerensky's peace overtures, so fighting went on n 2017. Now, we come to a most interesting observation by General Hoffman:
'I cannot say if the German General Headquarters was cognizant of this measure (of later moving Lenin and entourage from Zurich to Russia which it was as Ludendorff later admitted.) The Commander in Chief in the East knew nothing about it. We only heard of it months later, when foreign newspapers began to reproach Germany about it and asserted that we were the fathers of the Russian Revolution. This assertion, which is as false, as so much of the enemy propaganda, cannot be denied emphatically enough. As I have said the Russian Revolution was brought about by England."
This was how France and England repaid the Tsar for losing 500,000 soldiers in an attack at the inception of the war to relieve the pressure on Paris who was reeling under the rapidly advancing German Army under the Alfred Graf von Schlieffen plan when the Russians were not ready. The Russians entered the war with insufficient military industrial power to resupply their troops and an attack on that basis alone was demented but the Tsar was a fool and idiot.
In fact he did not have the industrial capacity to enter the war.
Here we take an aside to look in for a moment to the end of the Tsar's story of leadership quoting from the Lubyanka cellmate of Leopold Trepper who was the conductor of the Red Orchestra in Europe which was the most significant espionage group in World War Two excerpted from his book the "Great Game" on page 381-383:
"I stared in astonishment (Leopold talking). My cellmate was Vitaly Szulgin of the Black One Hundred. Szulgin lay down on the bed next to mine and for many long hours told me his life story.
At the beginning of the war, the Nazis invited him to Berlin and proposed he take part in the anti-Bolshevik crusade. But Szulgin--a reactionary with fascist sympathies and an anti-communist to the tips of his toes--had refused. He felt these Germans cared very little about whether Russia was red or white, that their only ambition was the conquest of vast territories. Szulgin spent the whole war living anonymously in a small village of Yugoslavia. After the defeat of Hitler's hordes, he decided to return to the Soviet Union. The victory had gratified his "great Russia" chauvinism. He was attached to his native land, and wanted to end his life there, even in prison.
He presented himself at the Soviet military mission in Belgrade. The young NKVD officer on duty stared in amazement at this man who is volunteering to become a prisoner. He consulted a list of wanted persons. Szulgin was not on it. "You may go; we do not know you," he said.
But Szulgin did not give up, ; he came back the next day. This time a colonel was sitting behind the desk. (The NKVD as the KGB used military titles for their organization.) As soon as Szulgin gave his name, the colonel got up, rushed at him, and shouted losing all control,
"You mean you are Szulgin, the organizer of the pogroms in Russia."
"At last someone who recognizes me," the former head of the Black One Hundred said, without losing his composure.
They put me on a plane to Moscow, and he who had dreamed all his life of being a pilot had his first airplane ride, from Belgrade to Lubyanka.
Then came his hearing. "What's the use wasting your time with me?" "Put me in a private cell, and I will write the story of my life and my crimes against the Soviet Union."
He filled several hundred pages. Every time he went for interrogation, the room was full of officers who came to listen to the "lecture". Szulgin made an original contribution to the pre-October history of Russia. At the head of the Black One Hundred, he had been part of the delegation that went to ask the Czar to abdicate. Nicholas II was deep in a game of chess and did not want to be distracted. When he learned the object of their visit, the Czar did not try to conceal his joy. "At last, it is over!"
"What did you expect? Szulgin added. "He was the biggest idiot in the whole dynasty."
Szulgin's political ideas were really extraordinary. He frequently held forth on his favorite subject, the greatness of Russia: "Under the leadership of Stalin, our country has become a world empire. It has achieved the goal that generations of Russian have aspired. Communism will fall away as a wart, but the empire will remain. It is too bad that Stalin is not a real Czar; he has all the qualification. Ah, if Stalin were not a Bolshevik. Your communists do not understand the Russian soul: the people have a quasi-religious need to be guided by a father they can trust."
Szulgin rested all his hopes on the greatness of Stalin's Empire.
"I do not want to be released", he said. "because everywhere I go would be received as you have received me. I hope they will give me a cell where I can continue to write books on the history of our country."
Szulgin, the fanatical anti-semite, the promoter of pogroms, was released well before the communist militants. He was assigned a dasha in a village, where even today, he continues his work, the tireless eulogist of the Stalin regime."
The reader may not know that the writer of the above was Leopold Trepper who was the conductor of the Red Orchestra that was the most effective spy ring against the Germans in western Europe. The network was partially broken and Trepper was captured. Rather than face torture, he gave away the members of his organization and later "escaped". Stalin arrested him for those betrayals and so this communist militant was not released until after Stalin's death. He did not deserve an early release.
The use of torture is a pagan method contrary to the traditions of the Bible but it does work. In Catholic Spain during the Grand Inquisition 17 conspirators would each be tortured in separate cells with a scribe taking notes of what each said. And then they would be compared. If they were the same, then it was accepted as true. Since Christianity as a religion has been destroyed in the west, torture has returned in most western countries in areas of national security. This is not surprising then as the pagan killing of women and children non-combatants has also returned on a mass scale in World War Two. They now have reached the point of having promoted ten billion abortion-murders if we include the after morning pill and have exceeded in wickedness any pagan nation in history by having sanctified sodomitic marriage. The sodomitic couple after marriage at West Point at a "Church" walk under the swords as they leave the service. The western nations are to all intents and purposes pagan and totally degenerate again.
The key here was again the struggle against Stalin's nationalism against internationalism that arose in Russia after Stalin's death and led later in 1991 to the temporary destruction of Russian power as under the internationalists Trotsky and Lenin.
Milovan Djilas: Without industrialism the Soviet Union could not have preserved itself and waged war. (In other words, socialism in one country or national socialism.)
Stalin: It was precisely over this that we quarreled with Trotsky and Bukharin.
Page 75 "Conversations with Stalin.
And on page 154:
Milovan Djilas: Toward the end of the dinner Stalin asked why there were so few Yugoslavian Jews in their party to which I answered there were not many Jews in Yugoslavia and most were members of the Middle Class. "The only prominent Jew is Pijade and he regards himself as being more of a Serb than a Jew."
Stalin: "Pijade, short, with glasses? Yes, I remember, he visited me. And what is his position?
Milovan Djilas: He is a member of the Central Committee, a veteran Communist, the translator of "Das Kapital", I explained.
Stalin: "In our Central Committee there are no Jews!" he broke in, and began to laugh. "You are a anti-Semite, you too, Djilas, are an anti-Semite!"
Let's return to the Tsar after this diversion:
The Tsar thought he had to keep his word to democratic France who despised him as Count Lev N. Tolstoy pointed out when the Tsar made his alliance with France in 1894 and later was stabbed him in the back by Britain and France during the Bolshevik Revolution. The clever Okhrana agent Stalin learned these lessons well though lost on traitors to Russia as Gorbachev and Yeltsin as later proved when the west broke all their agreements they made to them.
It is noteworthy that Stalin brought forward based on the Christian teachings learned at Seminary the teaching of Saint Augustine on marriage restricting the procreative act to procreation. This means that outside of marriage it was condemned and where in marriage there was no procreative intent such as during pregnancy and nursing or after menopause. All children in Russia under Stalin were so taught. This would also mean that all views contrary to this were forbidden and required the Russian people to have no contact with foreigners who could corrupt them. Thus, a cordon sanitaire was created around Russia or what Churchill called an Iron Curtain against the influence of Harrow sodomites as Churchill. This is what the Bible meant by the land of Israel being separate from the nations when holy (Exodus 19:5&6). Stalin did not want the west corrupting Russians.
The Rothschild (Baron Eduard) effort to destroy the Tsar began in earnest even before World War One in 1904 when they financed the Japanese War against Russia in 1904 and 1905.
What was perhaps Jacob Schiff's (agent of Baron Eduard de Rothschild) most famous financial action was during the Russo-Japanese War, in 1904 and 1905. Schiff met Takahashi Korekiyo, deputy governor of the Bank of Japan, in Paris (at the office of Baron Eduard de Rothschild) in April 1904. He subsequently extended loans to the Empire of Japan in the amount of $200 million (equivalent to $20 billion in 2016), through Kuhn, Loeb & Co. These loans were the first major flotation of Japanese bonds on Wall Street, and provided approximately half the funds needed for Japan's war effort. (The Baron created Churchill and Roosevelt for the next World War this time to remove Hitler from the scene. Churchill had fallen on hard times after crashing his fortune in 1929 and by 1935 it appeared he might not be able to afford any more his silk underwear and pajamas from Turnbull and Asser or his Chartwell estate. And so he was successfully bribed to oppose Hitler though he never particularly liked Jews. Jacob Schiff bought the New York race for governor for Roosevelt in the Lehman-Roosevelt race bribing Boss Flynn of the Bronx to deliver the votes. In America the deceased will decide close elections. Roosevelt was a new stooge set up for the Baron by Jacob Schiff.
When Japanese war did not destroy Russia the Baron started World War One and we have edited this excerpt from the book "39 Steps" by John Buchan substituting Rothschild instead of the word Jew:
Was Buchan trying to tell the reader in "39 Steps" something in the last line of his dedication, where he explicitly refers to secret truths stranger than the fiction featured in his adventure stories?
In the first chapter, the protagonist, Hannay, is told by a mysterious stranger of an “international conspiracy” aimed at turning the armies of Russia and Germany against one another. The conflict will be precipitated, explains the stranger, by the assassination of the Greek prime minister, Karolides. (Actually, the Archduke) The stranger, who later turns out to be Franklin Scudder, a British agent, goes on to tell Hannay that “the Rothschilds” — who “hates Russia worse than hell” — is behind the plot:
“I am giving you what he told me as well as I could make it out. Away behind all the governments and the armies there was a big subterranean movement going on, engineered by very dangerous people. He had come on it by accident; it fascinated him; he went further; and then got caught. I gathered that most of the people in it were the sort of educated anarchists (Bolsheviks) that make revolutions, but that beside them there were financiers who were playing for money.
“A clever man can make big profits on a falling market, and it suited the book of both classes to set Europe by the ears. He told me some queer things that explained a lot that had puzzled me — things that happened in the Balkan War, how one state suddenly came out on top, why alliances were made and broken, why certain men disappeared, and where the sinews of war came from. The aim of the whole conspiracy was to get Russia and Germany at loggerheads. When I asked why, he said that the anarchist lot thought it would give them their chance.
“Everything would be in the melting-pot, and they looked to see a new world emerge. The capitalists would rake in the shekels, and make fortunes by buying up wreckage (Rothschild hyperinflation in Germany after the war where they made a trillion dollars). Capital, he said, had no conscience and no fatherland; besides, the Rothschilds were behind it, and the Rothschilds hated Russia worse than hell. ‘Do you wonder?’ he cried. ‘For three hundred years they have been persecuted, and this is the return match for the pogroms. The Rothschilds are everywhere, but you have to go far down the back stairs to find him.
“‘Take any big Teutonic business concern. If you have dealings with it the first man you meet is Prince von Und zu Something, an elegant young man who talks Eton-and-Harrow English. But he cuts no ice. If your business is big, you get behind him and find a prognathous Westphalian with a retreating brow and the manners of a hog. He is the German business man that gives your English papers the shakes. But if you’re on the biggest kind of job and are bound to get to the real boss, ten to one you are brought up against a little, white-faced Rothschild in a bath-chair, with an eye like a rattlesnake. Yes, sir, he is the man who is ruling the world just now, and he has his knife in the empire of the Tzar because his aunt was outraged and his father flogged in some one-horse location on the Volga.”
Here we retrace our steps a bit:
The Russian offensive caused General Helmut Johannes Graf Ludwig von Moltke to lose his nerve just as it appeared Germany would win by transferring large numbers of troops from the western front to the eastern front as he thought he was about to be routed there. It was a colossal mistake.
This weakened the German drive violating the principle of Napoleon of concentration of force. Joffre thus was able to stop the Germans at the Marne and von Moltke said to the Kaiser "we have lost the war" and then suffered a nervous breakdown. The German offensive in the west thus failed. It was not Marshal Joseph Jaques Cesaire Joffre who won the Battle of the Marne but Russia who drew German troops to Russia which was used and hated as cannon fodder as they were in World War Two by the allies as we shall discuss shortly as can be heard on the Operation Gladio tape which has James Jesus Angleton of the OSS-CIA working at the end of World War Two to set up Russia as the enemy again before the war was even over.
The killing of innocent civilians to achieve a strategic objective on not letting the communists take over Italy was considered justified as in the 9-11 false flag operation to initiate a war against Islam proven in this Gladio tape. Here in Italy innocent civilians were killed blaming the communists in order to make sure that they did not win the Italian elections. This was unconscionable as 9-11. Even the kidnapping of Aldo Moro was set up by western intelligence agents whose special forces infiltrated the Red Brigade to achieve the sophistication necessary to effect the kidnapping of a head of state. The intelligence agencies were able to use the Red Brigade as a cover to conceal their tracks. What happened here was that Moro wanted to create a fusion government in Italy with the communists which was the vehicle that the communists in Eastern Europe used to take over their governments after World War Two so the CIA was completely right to see this as a strategic threat.
In 1978 Pieczenik was a special envoy for President Jimmy Carter to Italy to assist in the search for Italy's Prime Minister Aldo Moro. Pieczenik, as an international crisis manager and hostage negotiator in the State Department, was sent to Italy on 16 March 1978, the day that Moro was kidnapped, and was involved in the negotiations for the release of Moro. He was part of a "crisis committee" headed by Francesco Cossiga, the interior minister. Moro was held for 54 days, Pieczenik said the committee was jolted into action by the fear that Moro would reveal state secrets in an attempt to free himself. Moro's widow, Eleonora, later said Henry Kissinger had warned her husband against his strategy of Historic Compromise (Italian: Compromesso storico). "You will pay dearly for it," he is alleged to have said. A false statement, attributed to the Red Brigades, was leaked saying that Moro was dead. Pieczenick revealed that this had a dual purpose; to prepare the Italian public for the worst, and to let the Red Brigades know that the state would not negotiate for Moro, and considered him already dead. (This was interpreted by the commandos as an instruction to liquidate Moro.) Moro was shot and placed in the back of a car in central Rome, midway between the headquarters of the Communist Party and the Christian Democrats. In a documentary Cossiga admitted the committee had taken the decision to release the false statement. Pieczenik said that Moro had been "sacrificed" for the "stability" of Italy. Moro's eventual assassination has been attributed to the CIA as part of Operation Gladio by journalist Philip Willan.
We cite this as a comparison to 9-11. What are the other credentials for Dr. Pieczenik:
Pieczenik was Deputy Assistant Secretary of State under Henry Kissinger, Cyrus Vance and James Baker. His expertise includes foreign policy, international crisis management and psychological warfare. He served the presidential administrations of Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush in the capacity of deputy assistant secretary. (But this may mean something to the public but the power in Washington at the CIA is not with the Director but deep within the organization. It is an axiom here that if you know the name of the CIA operative he is not important.)
It is also quite interesting that the very, very high CIA Steve Pieczenik is going on the Alex Jones Infowars identifying what really happened on 9-11 which demonstrates a division at the top with Mueller having covered up 9-11 at the FBI being appointed just before it for that reason and Pieczenik being forty stories higher than Mueller in the hierarchy telling who all the US players were at 9-11 being given the information by a US General. See the interview on 9-11-2018 by Owen Shroyer of Dr. PIeczenik on Infowars on the internet below. There were no members of Islam on those planes and the boarding tapes were retroactively doctored to show Arabs by the CIA who were not involved in 9-11 but were brought in to cover it up. Nor was the ISIS involved at all which we ourselves created to stymie Iran in Iraq as it pitted our Sunni (ISIS) against al Maliki and the Shia as a way to balance power in the Near East. Our sources are above the President, Congress and Supreme Court who took over the fiasco from Cheney who botched up the whole operation. It was they who decided to blame Osama as an excuse to invade Afghanistan to restart the heroin plantations shut down by the noble Taliban. It was a historic double-cross comparable in infamy to the worst actions of Perfidious Albion (Note two heroin wars against China in the 19th century). This would then finance the external operations of the US intelligence agencies from the heroin profits in the trillion dollar neighborhood and line not just a few of their pockets through control of 93% of the world heroin distribution.
The fact that Building Number Seven was not hit by a plane but went down anyway was almost a superhuman problem to get over. Only an idiot could have believed it after that. Here is the Operation Gladio tape and the Steve Pieczenik tape:
The Boeing Uninterruptible Autopilot is a system designed to take control of a commercial aircraft away from the pilot or flight crew. If implemented, the system would allow the craft to automatically guide itself to a landing at a designated airstrip. The "uninterruptible" autopilot would be activated remotely via radio or satellite links by government agencies.
We have to correct some of Steve's errors as his source is a general and not a primary source as ours. We can say that Steve Pieczenik is wrong saying the ISI was involved and the Saudis were not involved at all. Nor was the CIA involved though it was called upon to cover it up. The general that advised Steve was mostly correct otherwise.
The reader may wonder why the fake 9-11 Commission was believed as the Warren Commission. This so-called Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren was connected to organized crime in California as Governor and was so arrogant that at the Toots Shore Restaurant he raised his glass to Albert Anastasia to Albert's glass in the motion of a toast. He is responsible for destroying the entire American school system. The Mossad training course for agents used to require a replication of Lee Harvey Oswald shooting Kennedy. The entire scene is set up as in Dallas on that fateful day and no IDF sharpshooter can replicate the shots. No. Not by a long shot. When they are so shocked they ask the instructor why? Because Oswald never shot him; he was set up but the stupid American public will believe anything. The truth is if you can succeed in morally degenerating the whole population as our Trotkyites have done you can make them believe anything as Harry Houdini claimed in his technique of misdirection in magic tricks.
Let's look at World War One from the Russian side quoting from that interesting account by Alexander, Grand Duke of Russia, former Field Inspector General of the Russian Imperial Air Service in World War One, in his book "Once a Grand Duke" that we will quote more than once and here we quote a conversation on pages 265 and 266 with Baron Anton Egorovich Zaltsa who was a Russian general of German origin that was one of the commanders of the western front:
"A long talk with Saltza and his staff demonstrated to me the existence of a situation which I thought abnormal and which was to continue throughout the twenty-six months of Russia's actual fighting. I learned that the army of the Russian Empire was to be used by Great Britain and France as their mammoth shock-absorber and that our commanders were to be guided in their strategy by the order to save Paris "at no matter what cost". In terms of human lives it meant we should sacrifice some five hundred thousand officers and soldiers in our ill-timed offensive on the eastern front for the sake of "easing up the pressure against Paris," a far-away alien city whose name had no sentimental sound for our men and whose ultimate fate meant nothing for the future of our country.
While our fourth army fought the onrush of the Austrians, our first and second armies invaded East Prussia, heading with their eyes open straight for the trap prepared by Hindenburg. The bulk of the second army consisted of the Imperial Guards Corps, the best trained troops of Russia and chief mainstay of the Imperial regime for the past fifty years, now thrown into the inevitable slaughter for the Great Glory of Paris.
We cursed and raved. All diplomats should have been put in the ranks if they wanted to participate in this war. But orders were orders. Our soldiers died without a murmur. The second army ceased to exist, its commander, General Samsonoff, using his last bullet to avoid the humiliation of being taken prisoner. Paris was saved by a hecatomb of Russians killed on the Masurian marshes in East Prussia. Humanity at large preferred to remember that Battle as "Joffre's victory of the Marne".
Our next quote comes from page 295 which is quite germane to our present so-called Ukraine problem which we as the Germans initiated to weaken Russia in the 2014 Kiev Coup which would be like the United Nations voting to give back the territories we took from Mexico except the Russians have more right to the Ukraine than we have to California:
"Fight for the immediate Ukrainization of the Ukraine"
This last one--a masterstroke of German strategy--needs to be explained. The word "Ukraine" referred to the immense Southwestern district of Russia, bordered by Austria in the west, the Central provinces in the north and the Don district in the east, with Kieff (Kiev) considered as its capital, and Odessa on the Black Sea its principal port exporting wheat, grain, sugar, etc. Four centuries before it served as a battleground for the continuous skirmishes between the Poles and the bands of free Cossacks who called themselves "Ukrainians". Czar Alexei Michailovich took it under his scepter in 1649, and in the course of years it became stupendously prosperous, Catherine the Great being the first to see its agricultural and industrial future. Ninety-nine per cent of the population spoke, read and wrote Russian, but a small coterie of fanatics insisted on equal rights for the Ukrainian language. They were ridiculed in numerous cartoons; in fact, the Kentucky mountaineers demanding the usage of slang by Louisville-school teachers would have been much less ridiculous.
Kaiser Wilhelm frequently teased his Russian cousins on this subject, but what had been a joke before the revolution suddenly acquired the dimensions of a nightmare in March, 1917.
The leaders of the Ukrainian Separatist Movement were quickly summoned to German Headquarters and promised the status of a free state, should they succeed in paralyzing the rear of the Russian Armies.
Millions of leaflets flooded Kieff (Kiev) and the adjoining towns. "Russians must get out of the Ukraine." demanded their authors. "If they want to continue this war, let them fight on their own soil."
A delegation of irate nationalists left for Saint Petersburg and demanded a new Government permission to organize a Ukrainian Army consisting of then soldiers serving in different corps of the Russian Army. Even the most radical members of the Provisional Government understood the whole thing smacked of treason and threatened to explode the army from within but the Bolshevik leaders of the soviet rallied to a man to this insane project (Editor: Guided by the Rothschilds through German General Ludendorff. This incredibly follows the BND-CIA coup in Kiev in 2014.) The Ukrainian demand was satisfied. Almost, simultaneously the German General Staff started taking divisions off the eastern front and sending them to France. The Russian steam-roller had been shot to pieces.
So does history repeat itself in the Ukraine again. We have pointed out elsewhere the US should never have become involved in World Wars One and Two and what the above history does prove is that the instincts of Donald Trump have been right in his desire for detente with Russia which has been the source of his friction with the intelligence agencies.
Let us see how familiar this corruption of pre-World War One Russia is to our time just prior to World War One quoting again from Archduke Alexander:
"The remaining hundred days of peace in Russia before World War One were filled with gambling, sensational crimes, and a rather significant epidemic of suicides (opioid epidemic). That year they danced the tango. The languorous tempo of its exotic music sounded from one end of Russia to the other. The gypsies cried, the glasses clinked, and the Rumanian violinists, clad in red, hypnotized inebriated men and women into a daring attempt to explore the depths of vice. Hysteria reigned supreme.........and wild orgies.
Every conceivable variety of vice was paraded before the juries in the sensational murder trials of the time and broadcast by the newspapers for the edification of our youth (Monica Lewisky-Clinton unnatural vice hearings before Congress). ...... St. Petersburg refused to be "outsinned" by Moscow in orgies" (New York City and Washington compete as to which can be more evil).
This was stimulated by the hysterical frenzies in money market on the manipulated financial markets directed by Baron Eduard in his effort to bring down the Tsar (1929 Roaring Twenties or America's widespread depravity today exemplified by sodomitic marriage and the sponsorship of ten billion abortions worldwide when you add to the holocaust the after morning pill).
"They practiced a system registered in Russia as "American" but referred to by another name in the financial circles of the United States. They performed no miracles. They disclosed no exceptional genius. The accumulation of their wealth was made by the extreme leniency of the Russian banking laws (2008 and 1987 America), which permitted the directors of saving institutions to exercise unrestricted control over the choice of securities purchased with the funds of the depositors. (The leverage was at 15% as assets were pyramided. Markets became a speculative mania.) Mergers followed each other in rapid succession. At the end of a short period, the virtual guardianship over the bulk of Russian capital passed into the hands of three individuals. The consequences can well be imagined (Bain Capital, Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, etc.).
A factory owner refusing to sell his factory to the "trust" ran the risk of seeing his credit cut. Commercial competition was becoming a thing of the past (Standard Oil, US Steel combined under J. P. Morgan and the Rothschilds to eliminate competition as Microsoft destroyed Netscape). The wages of labor fluctuated, depending on the requirements of the stock market (just wage?). Whenever a better statement of earnings was required, down went the wages. The Minister of Finance sat on the sidelines hoping to be taken care of himself by being rewarded a bank presidency (our corrupt Federal Reserve Open Market Committee Members look for their reward similarly form Wall St. after doing the bidding of the major financial house by jobs at high salaries and other perks. They compete in their corruption with the Supreme Court and the Congress.)
What is most interesting that these financial buccaneers financed the Bolsheviks under orders from Baron Eduard de Rothschild. The Rothschild newspapers attacked the Tsar but were curiously silent regarding these swindles (as in 2008 and 1987). "These nouveau riche swindlers (Michael Milken) sponsored the Bolshevik Maxim Gorky by a loan of several million rubles by the Siberian Bank, to establish "The New Life" newspaper and the monthly "The Annals". Both publications counted Lenin as their chief collaborator."
"Nothing could be stranger than the desire on the part of the "trust" to keep the fires of the revolution burning. (Not strange at all if this fellow, Grand Duke Alexander in his "Once A Grand Duke", excerpted from chapter entitled "The Eve", had only understood that the destruction of Russia was carefully planned by Baron Eduard de Rothschild. So it was also in 1991 by Baron Jacob Rothschild and his looting oligarchs in Russia.
Nor does Putin have the courage to remove Elvira from the Central Bank who is controlled by the west and is ruining the Russian economy as Powell is ruining it for Trump. Nor the moral courage to stop abortion or teach as Stalin to the children in the schools against onanism as described above. Stalin found a Russia so perverted that 98% of the girls were practicing solitary onanism according to what the Russian doctors told Dr. J. H. Kellogg who was Henry Ford's favorite doctor. Stalin taught in all the Russian schools that the conjugal act was restricted to procreation in marriage as taught by Saint Augustine in his "On The Good of Marriage, and thus during menstruation, nursing, or pregnancy it was forbidden. Masturbation and onanism was forbidden.
The Government first refused to believe the informers of the Secret Police but there was no sense in arguing the facts. A raid on Nicholas Paramonoff, one of the richest men in Russia, produced documents establishing his participation in the group of multi-millionaires who financed the printing and the distribution of Bolshevik pamphlets throughout the country."
And that ends the quote. So does history repeat itself in the Ukraine again. We have pointed out elsewhere the US should never have become involved in World Wars One and Two and what the above history does prove is that the instincts of Donald Trump have been right in his desire for detente with Russia which has been the source of his friction with the intelligence agencies. President Trump is hemmed in by the "system" which has not let him accomplish the reduction of the trade deficit, detente with Russia, the immigration wall, or the currency rigging so that they can get rid of him as a failure in 2020. The Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board even had the impudence to raise interest rates during a stock market crash that will raise the value of the dollar increasing the trade deficit in order to sabotage the last Congressional election so Trump would lose.
Scroll down for conclusion.
It is noteworthy that the oligarchs in Russia and the Ukraine are the same traitors to Russia as Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev, and the today's Abramovitch, Vekselburg, etc. These are the new Yevraskaya or Yevsek Bolshevik element reporting in this case to Baron Jacob Rothschild instead of Baron Eduard de Rothschild who financed the looting and spoilation of Russia which continues. The wolves just changed from sheep's clothing to new attire. They are the same wolves we have on Wall St. who as similar Trotskyite oligarchs rob the US by manipulating markets and then use this power to morally destroy it by promoting sodomy and abortion. This can be found below in additional articles where their manipulations are described in great detail.