Thursday, June 2, 2011

Congestive Heart Disease Reversed

This is an extraordinary finding.  High blood pressure leads inevitably to an enlarge heart and eventual failure.  There has been no cure except a heart transplant.  Much of post heart attack treatment is aimed at preventing the development of an enlarged heart, as is the reduction of blood pressure in the hypertensive.

Now it appears we are on the way to having a drug able to literally reverse the whole process.  This is obviously great news.

If heart disease could be managed and largely eliminated, the natural lifespan would easily crawl up into the nineties.  This therapy in conjunction with the pending ability to replace damaged muscle will do it.  It is perhaps possible to live a perfect life and thus to avoid the ravages of heart disease.  The point is that almost no one is able to do that.  Thus actual repair is how we presently make it and this is an important new tool.

I am seeing a range of problems been solved that were death sentences in the recent past.  This was the big one, little discussed because no one actually thought it could be.

Drug can reverse overgrown hearts to help prevent heart failure, UT Southwestern researchers find

Using mice, Drs. Joseph Hill and Dian Cao found that an HDAC inhibitor caused enlarged hearts to regress back to near-normal size.

DALLAS – May 31, 2011 – A promising cancer treatment drug can restore function of a heart en route to failure from high blood pressure, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.

The drug, a type of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor being evaluated in numerous ongoing clinical trials, has been shown to reverse the harmful effects of autophagy in heart muscle cells of mice. Autophagy is a natural process by which cells eat their own proteins to provide needed resources in times of stress. The new study appears in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

 “This opens the way for a new therapeutic strategy in hypertensive heart disease, one we can test for potential to promote regression of heart disease,” said Dr. Joseph Hill, chief of cardiology and director of the Harry S. Moss Heart Center at UT Southwestern.

Dr. Hill, senior author of the study, and other researchers have shown previously that all forms of heart disease involve either too much or too little autophagy, normally an adaptive process. For example, in the presence of high blood pressure, the heart enlarges, or hypertrophies, and autophagy is turned on. Ultimately, the hypertension-stressed heart can go into failure.

Prior research from Dr. Hill’s laboratory has shown that HDAC inhibitors blunt disease-associated heart growth, so researchers designed this study to determine what impact a particular type of HDAC inhibitor had on autophagy.

The researchers engineered mice with overactive autophagy and induced hypertrophy leading to heart failure. Scientists then gave the mice an HDAC inhibitor known to limit autophagy.

“The heart decreased back to near its normal size, and heart function that had previously been declining went back to normal,” Dr. Hill said. “That is a powerful observation where disease regression, not just disease prevention, was seen.”

Dr. Hill noted that the research that led to this finding started decades ago and included studies led by Dr. Kern Wildenthal, former president of UT Southwestern and now president of Southwestern Medical Foundation.

“This is one of those exciting, but rare, examples where an important finding made originally in yeast moved into mouse models and is soon moving to humans,” Dr. Hill said. “That’s the Holy Grail for a physician-scientist – to translate those sorts of fundamental molecular discoveries through preclinical studies and ultimately in humans.”

Other UT Southwestern researchers involved in the study were Dr. Dian Cao, postdoctoral trainee in internal medicine; Dr. Zhao Wang, postdoctoral researcher in internal medicine; Dr. Pavan Battiprolu, postdoctoral researcher in internal medicine; Nan Jiang, research associate in internal medicine; Cyndi Morales, student research assistant in internal medicine; Yongli Kong, research scientist in internal medicine; and Drs. Beverly Rothermeland Thomas Gillette, both assistant professors of internal medicine.

The study was funded by the National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, American Diabetes Association and the AHA-Jon Holden DeHaan Foundation.

Visit to learn more about UT Southwestern’s heart, lung and vascular clinical services.

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