Friday, March 12, 2010

New Solar energy from Peas





This is step away from what we thought we knew about photosynthesis. Read it carefully.  We have a working crystal that we should be able to synthesis that appears to provide superior conversion of solar energy to electrical current.

No one knows yet where this may go, but it is very promising today and could be another triumph for nano tech.

Regardless, a crystal; able to convert light is plausibly way more flexible than slabs of silica and similar systems.

Again, it is necessary to read this piece carefully.

A New Energy Source From The Common Pea

by Staff Writers

Tel Aviv, Israel (SPX) Mar 08, 2010



To generate useful energy, plants have evolved very sophisticated "nano-machinery" which operates with light as its energy source and gives a perfect quantum yield of 100%. Called the Photosystem I (PSI) complex, this complex was isolated from pea leaves, crystalized and its crystal structure determined by Prof. Nelson to high resolution, which enabled him to describe in detail its intricate structure.

If harnessing the unlimited solar power of the sun were easy, we wouldn't still have the greenhouse gas problem that results from the use of fossil fuel. And while solar energy systems work moderately well in hot desert climates, they are still inefficient and contribute only a small percentage of the general energy demand.

A new solution may be coming from an unexpected source - a source that may be on your dinner plate tonight.

"Looking at the most complicated membrane structure found in a plant, we deciphered a complex membrane protein structure which is the core of our new proposed model for developing 'green' energy," says structural biologist Prof. Nathan Nelson of Tel Aviv University's Department of Biochemistry.

Isolating the minute crystals of the PSI super complex from the pea plant, Prof. Nelson suggests these crystals can be illuminated and used as small battery chargers or form the core of more efficient man-made solar cells.

Nanoscience is the science of small particles of materials and is one of the most important research frontiers in modern technology. In nature, positioning of molecules with sub-nanometer precision is routine, and crucial to the operation of biological complexes such as photosynthetic complexes. Prof. Nelson's research concentrates on this aspect.

The mighty PSI

To generate useful energy, plants have evolved very sophisticated "nano-machinery" which operates with light as its energy source and gives a perfect quantum yield of 100%. Called the Photosystem I (PSI) complex, this complex was isolated from pea leaves, crystalized and its crystal structure determined by Prof. Nelson to high resolution, which enabled him to describe in detail its intricate structure.

"My research aims to come close to achieving the energy production that plants can obtain when converting sun to sugars in their green leaves," explains Prof. Nelson.

Described in 1905 by Albert Einstein, quantum physics and photons explained the basic principles of how light energy works. Once light is absorbed in plant leaves, it energizes an electron which is subsequently used to support a biochemical reaction, like sugar production.

"If we could come even close to how plants are manufacturing their sugar energy, we'd have a breakthrough. It's therefore important to solve the structure of this nano-machine to understand its function," says Prof. Nelson, whose lab is laying the foundations for this possibility.

Since the PSI reaction center is a pigment-protein complex responsible for the photosynthetic conversion of light energy to another form of energy like chemical energy, these reaction centers, thousands of which are precisely packed in the crystals, may be used to convert light energy to electricity and serve as electronic components in a variety of different devices.

"One can imagine our amazement and joy when, upon illumination of those crystals placed on gold covered plates, we were able to generate a voltage of 10 volts. This won't solve our world's energy problem, but this could be assembled in power switches for low-power solar needs, for example," he concludes.

2 comments:

Rick said...

Right off the bat in your article, without reading anything further, I see two major errors in the first paragraph. One is the "global warming" anthropogenic global warming error that everybody knows about now, is completely bogus political science, and the second is the use of the term "fossil fuel", which is far from a proven scientific fact. Abiotic creation of oil has not even been given a fair hearing in the scientific community.

You give your political agenda away in your very first paragraph.

Rick said...

Yeah, as I read further, if you are interested in truth and reality, you might look into Machian theories on gravitation, rather that Einsteinian "curved space" theories and find more insight into the nature of the universe.