The only commodity worth hauling is life itself. So these inter stellar craft must all be spun up habitats with at least several million square miles of internal surface, equal to the Earth's surface. This obviously allows the populating of a new planet.
Mobile capability and prevalence of slender vehicles introduce a distinct possibility that similar units might exist beyond the F-ring region. Further, presence of a vehicle is likely whenever rings appear.
Such likelihood is in consonance with the explanation for the A and B rings. Specifically, a vehicle-ring coupling exists because exhaust products and body efflux supply ring constituent material. This coupling characteristic renders the expansive E ring, positioned roughly between 3 and 8 Saturn radii, a highly suspect candidate for additional activity. Orbiting within this 5-radii wide annulus are Saturn moons, Mimas, Enceladus, Tethys and Dione. Rhea orbits outside the E ring at 8.7 Saturn radii. Conceivably, any of these moons might be shadowed by one or more of the massive and powerful slender vehicles.
[ These devices are not necessarily massive in terms of mass as they are not resisting gravity. and may well be held rigid by gas pressure. Balloons would work well by been continuously recharged with compressed frozen gases lifted from Saturn. - arclein ]
Fortuitously, Voyager 1 obtained a photograph of Saturn which captured images of most of the aforementioned moons. This photograph, presented as Plate 11, shows Saturn, five Saturnian moons and an unexpected luminous image. Named clockwise starting at the upper right, the moons are: Titan, Enceladus, Mimas, Rhea and Dione. The luminous image lies between Dione and Rhea. Superficially, this image would appear to be a moon-like object comparable in size to its adjacent companions. Logically, a question arises as to the validity of this image. Is the image an artifact of processing, or does it indeed represent the image of a real object?
Indications are that the image is that of a real object. Mimas and Enceladus are only about half the size of Dione and Rhea; yet these two moons show clearly. This observation, in absence of any specifically cited photographic malfunction, mitigates against a processing artifact. Position identification of Titan, Mimas, Enceladus, Dione and Rhea is consistent with later known positions of these moons.
However, the position of the luminous image between Dione and Rhea does not coincide with the calculated location of Tethys, the only possible moon candidate. Were Tethys in fact within the camera field of view, this moon ought to be visible inasmuch as its size is comparable to Dione and Rhea. Because Plate 11 is devoid of visual depth, graphic pictorialization is helpful to gain further understanding of the luminous image.
Plate 11: Saturn, five Saturnian moons and an unexpected luminous image.
By scaling Saturn and its rings in Plate 11, a facsimile can be constructed in which clarifying detail of the ring plane can be provided.
Results are presented in Plate 12. This plate pictorializes the luminous image in positional relationship to Saturn, the A, B and E rings, six near moons and their orbital paths. Boundaries of Plate 11 are shown by dashed lines. Calculations place Tethys about 2/10 the straight-line distance between Dione and Rhea, and in an orbital path whose radius definitely is shorter than that for the image. Discrepancies in both radial and angular positions of Tethys with respect to the image would indicate that the image indeed is not Tethys. Because Tethys and Dione are very nearly equal in diameter (1050 and 1120 km respectively), a reason should exist for obstruction of Tethys' appearance in Plate 11.
Certainly, this obstruction can not be caused by Tethys' two small companions whose largest dimension is of the order of 35 km and which, moreover, follow the same orbital path. Also, little likelihood exists of mistaking the companions for the luminous image because of their exceedingly small size. Conclusive insight regarding the true rings, six near moons and their orbital paths.
Plate 12: Pictorialization of luminous image in positional relationship to Saturn, the A, B and F. nature of the image and surroundings rests finally on revelations of micro-photographic details of the region enclosed by the dotted lines.
Note that the dotted-line enclosure excludes Dione and that it does include the calculated position for Tethys. Also observe that Rhea is included at the extreme left, just outside the E ring.
Micro-photographic details of the region shown in Plate 12 are presented in Plate 13. This enlargement of the luminous image in Plate 11 reveals a nearby slender vehicle within the E ring.
Where the picture three dimensional, the body would be seen tilted out of the plane of the paper at an angle of about 45 degrees. The one visible end of the body and the exhaust therefrom are labeled in the picture. The other end lies obscured behind a luminous jet which projects laterally leftward from
the body. Emissions issue in knotted rolls both above and below the lateral jet. These rolls develop an expansive labyrinth giving the E ring a cloudy appearance. The labyrinth below the lateral jet serves as a connection to the image. A second connection is created by emissions from the body.
Specifically, below the forebody, this connection is established through two nearly concentric toroids interconnected radially with roll segments, like spokes of a wheel. One of these spokes connects with the upper edge of the luminous image. This spoke, the two toroids, and a central hub are identified in the plate. Presence of toroidal formations is considered indicative that the emissions have electromagnetic properties. The two different connections between the body and image become paths by which a potential difference, or voltage, can be delivered remotely to a point in space. When the termini of the paths are sufficiently close to permit current flow, a luminous arc could be produced as suggested by the photograph. Were the current path, perchance, to be through and around some intermediate object, conceivably that object might become highly illuminated.
Plate 13: Enlargement of luminous image revealing a nearby slender vehicle within the E-ring.
In view of the physical environment surrounding it, the luminous image certainly cannot be a photographic artifact. This conclusion, however, calls for a reason why Tethys is not apparent in the picture.
The reason is that proliferous efflux from the vehicle blocks Tethys from view. However, whether the image in the plate is, or is not, Tethys really need not be resolved conclusively. The important emerging fact is that all moons in the E ring can, at some time, be within immediate range of a vehicle capable of large-scale electromagnetic influences.
Also, consistent with findings concerning formation of Saturn's other rings, the E ring is caused by a vehicle spewing matter.
For further examples which demonstrate the electromagnetic character of slender vehicles, attention is invited to Saturn itself. Plates 2 and 3 illustrate that Saturn's outer atmosphere has distinct latitudinal stratification extending from pole to pole. These strata can be viewed as thick planar rings, of varying diameters, centered vertically atop one another north to south. This multi-layer ring
concept of the outer atmosphere carries the idea that strata might be vehicle related. In this context, presence of slender vehicles in Saturn's atmosphere would be a reasonable expectation. Easy identification, however, is thwarted because clouds (emissions) tend to obscure the sources being sought. This difficulty, though, can be circumvented.
Plate 14 presents a sector of the southern hemisphere of Saturn showing cloud strata, a curious luminous point, location of a lightning source and a slender vehicle. In the plate, the luminous point occurs below a dark slender object, axially aligned with an overhead latitudinal cloud stratum. This isolated body is labeled a vehicle because it has an apparent fineness ratio of about 13 to 1, and also
because it evidences emissions. At the horizon left of the vehicle, a lightning source and a lightning location is indicated. The source, a small "tick" protruding into space, can be discerned upon close scrutiny. Lightning streaming from the source is faint and hence difficult to distinguish. However, the intent at this juncture merely is to call attention to event locations. Imagery is clarified in the enlargements of Plates 15 and 16 used for subsequent discussions.
Plate 14: Sector of southern hemisphere of Saturn showing cloud strata, a luminous point, location of a lightning source and a slender vehicle. (Non-optimum exposure for overall picture favors the dark region at planet horizon).
Plate 15 presents an enlargement of the luminous point in Plate 14.
Plate 15: Luminous point of Plate 14 essentially is an arc light whose apparent power source is a remote vehicle capable of generating paths carrying electricity.
The purpose of the instant plate is to illustrate that the luminous point essentially is an arc light whose apparent power source is a remote vehicle capable of generating paths carrying electricity. The vehicle along with a couple of its emissions are identified in the upper left corner of the picture. From the lower left end of the vehicle, a very long, slender element projects from each side. This element, labeled a bi-lateral projection, in turn issues other projections along itself.
Several of these secondary projections lead to the luminous point.
Connected to the point are a number of radial filaments which variously connect with the projections.
The result is that the luminous point becomes a center of mis-matched electrical potentials; and
illumination is generated in much the same manner as for an arc light.
Light diameter at the converging intersection of electrical paths is estimated to be in the neighborhood of 45 to 50 km (28 to 31 mi).
Distance from the originating source of potential appears to be of the order of 500 km (310 mi). A characteristic of arc light is high thermal temperature. Temperature of arc lights employing earth technology is limited chiefly by the melting temperature of the electrodes (analogous to filaments) which supply potential differential. For carbon electrodes, this limit temperature is about 3700 degrees Celsius (6700 degrees Fahrenheit). Even this modest temperature is adequate to melt most solids indigenous to earth. The luminous-point filament electrodes, in all probability, develop much higher temperatures. Because the isolated luminous point of light implies a current flow, which in turn implies a magnetic field, the conclusion is reached that the source vehicle and surroundings are electromagnetic in character.
Plate 16 presents two lightning bolts in and above Saturn's cloud tops. This photograph is an enlargement of Plate 14 in the area labeled "lightning location" and "lightning source". To improve visual orientation, the picture has been inverted so that dark space occurs in the upper half of the frame and a small section of Saturn in the lower half. In the discussion of Plate 14, the terminology "tick" protuberance has been used in referring to the lightning source. This plate reveals that adjoining points (1) and (2) really constitute the "tick" protuberance.
The lightning location is clarified in that a lightning bolt emanates from point (1), and another is connected contiguously to point (2). Length of the upper lightning bolt is estimated to be of the order of 400 km (250 mi). Length of the lower bolt is of the order of 350km (220 mi), for a total length of 750 km (470 mi). Bolt diameter is in the neighborhood of 10 to 12 km (6 to 7 mi). Power to energize this impressively long path to luminous visibility can be traced to a cylindrical vehicle positioned directly below the lower lightning bolt.
Plate 16: Two lightning bolts appear in and above Saturn's cloud tops. Photograph is an enlargement of Plate 14 in the area labeled "lightning location".
Helpful clues regarding vehicular presence are two "wishbone" shaped filaments, the spread ends of which straddle the cylindrical body. Point (2) locates the tip of the larger wishbone filament and point (3), the smaller. Lateral spread in each of these filament pairs helps establish the body breadth and also the orientation of the longitudinal axis, shown added in the plate. One end of the body appears to lie to the left of the lower lightning bolt about 3 bolt-widths away. Highlighting the left end is a luminous "exhaust stack" having a rounded leading-edge profile which presents an elliptical face. An elliptical end face is consistent with an angular view of the longitudinal axis for a body having a circular cross section. The right end of the vehicle is considered to lie centrally beneath a U-shaped cloud bisected by a small roll cloud. Inferentially, the bottom tip of the lower lightning bolt would appear to originate from a port in the side of the vehicle. Upon port exit, ejecta rise up across the body surface, then turn rightward to bridge points (3) and (2). Flow continues into pivotal point (1). At (1), the lightning-bolt direction changes abruptly to the left, traverses a sinuous path and then fades to completion at point (4). Point (4) lies at a distant secondary projection on the left arm of the bi-lateral projection. A simple explanation for the progression and sustenance of the lightning bolt is that successively smaller electrical potentials prevail sequentially along the course. Progressively reduced potentials would cause ejecta originating from the port to arc to points (3), (2), (1) and (4), respectively. These lightning bolts have some resemblance to terrestrial lightning, but they are far more immense in both length and breadth. This immenseness implies an intense magnetic field having substantial far-reaching effect in terms of reacting with other existing fields. Many strange shapes might occur because of such interaction. A propulsive body capable of creating such an environment, indeed, appropriately is called an electromagnetic vehicle.