Monday, May 23, 2022

X-ray Dating of a Turin Shroud’s Linen Sample

It has taken a long time and a lot of scientific effort to successfully prove that the shroud was of the right age.  In another paper it also took new science to perfect our knowledge of how to form the image.

All in the shroud is real and conforms fully with the resurection event and the induced radiation which we are unyet able to produce.  We do not do resurrections yet!!

all along, spurious reports have been had denying the authentic nature of the shroud and i am sure further efforts even now will be forth coming.  Just ignore them now as what we have is beyond challenge.

What is shocking is the degree to which carbon 14 dates can be wrong.  I have had problems all along but this case gave off original numbers that are now either absurd or deliberately played which was highly plausible here.

It actually generated an intense scientific effort running decades to work it all out.  I would now like tyo see what a legitimate Carbon 14 test generates as this helps to create a useful metric.

X-ray Dating of a Turin Shroud’s Linen Sample


Istituto di Cristallografia, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (IC–CNR), Via Amendola 122/O, 70126 Bari, Italy
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Via Gradenigo 6/a, Università di Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Manuela Vagnini

Heritage 2022, 5(2), 860-870;
Received: 10 March 2022 / Revised: 29 March 2022 / Accepted: 5 April 2022 / Published: 11 April 2022


On a sample of the Turin Shroud (TS), we applied a new method for dating ancient linen threads by inspecting their structural degradation by means of Wide-Angle X-ray Scattering (WAXS). The X-ray dating method was applied to a sample of the TS consisting of a thread taken in proximity of the 1988/radiocarbon area (corner of the TS corresponding to the feet area of the frontal image, near the so-called Raes sample). The size of the linen sample was about 0.5 mm × 1 mm. We obtained one-dimensional integrated WAXS data profiles for the TS sample, which were fully compatible with the analogous measurements obtained on a linen sample whose dating, according to historical records, is 55–74 AD, Siege of Masada (Israel). The degree of natural aging of the cellulose that constitutes the linen of the investigated sample, obtained by X-ray analysis, showed that the TS fabric is much older than the seven centuries proposed by the 1988 radiocarbon dating. The experimental results are compatible with the hypothesis that the TS is a 2000-year-old relic, as supposed by Christian tradition, under the condition that it was kept at suitable levels of average secular temperature—20.0–22.5 °C—and correlated relative humidity—75–55%—for 13 centuries of unknown history, in addition to the seven centuries of known history in Europe. To make the present result compatible with that of the 1988 radiocarbon test, the TS should have been conserved during its hypothetical seven centuries of life at a secular room temperature very close to the maximum values registered on the earth. View Full-Text

Figure 1

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