Saturday, June 26, 2010
Setback for Tidal Power
Slowly we begin to learn if it is possible to master the tidal currents and sea bed positioned equipment. That is a large enough device, but the blades need to be robust. I also suspect that a space between the seabed and the turbine may help in drawing debris under the blade.
Blades break for a reason and the rest held up for the duration of the test. It may turn out that the reason is easily managed or even eliminated.
So possibly this is simply a teething problem.
I am more curious to see how the device can be maintained and sustained over a couple of years. Debris protection is a normal fix.
A Big Setback for Tidal Power
A damaged rotor forces OpenHydro to pull up from the
Bay of Fundy. Does anything ever work?
MARK BOSLET: JUNE 18, 2010
The prospect of extracting nearly unlimited renewable energy from the tides suffered a blow this month when OpenHydro announced it would pull its experimental underwater turbine from the
Bay of Fundy.
The test in this extreme tidal environment was seen as a critical opportunity for the industry to prove that harnessing the tides had finally become feasible.
OpenHydro lowered its 400-ton, six-story turbine onto the seabed last November, choosing the swift flowing Minas Passage near
as the site for the project. Parrsboro, Nova Scotia
Last week, the Irish company said it would yank the turbine out by October after an underwater video discovered two broken blades. The blades are made of a combination of plastic and glass.
The setback underscores how difficult it is to operate in the corrosive, storm-plagued marine environment. The $10 million, 1 MW project had hoped to show that a first-of-its-kind tidal plant could be built to supply as much as 25 percent of
's electricity. Nova Scotia
The Bay of Fundy was selected because it arguably has the highest tides in the world, competing for the honor with the Ungava Bay in
Quebec and the Severn estuary in the . Tides in the area can rise 55 feet or more, generating a potential of 1,013 MW of power, 152 MW of which can be harnessed with little environmental impact. The video shows a test device from OpenHydro installed in United Kingdom . Scotland
The test was being closely watched and will be viewed by the industry as a big setback. The theory is that the predictability of the tides will ultimately make the energy they generate less expensive than solar and wind -- though today, it is roughly three times more costly. According to an Electric Power Research Institute study, that price in the
Bay of Fundy could be as low as 5.5 cents per kWh, roughly comparable with the wholesale price of electricity.
According to a press release, OpenHydro, which has raised $74 million in funding since 2005, plans to repair the turbine and reinstall it next year. The difficulties "will further our understanding of how the turbine has operated in this unique and challenging environment, bringing us closer to commercially developed tidal arrays in the Bay of Fundy," said CFO Peter Corcoran.
The company had lowered a video camera to view the turbine in May after an acoustic modem intended to monitor underwater motion malfunctioned.
The setback isn't the first for tidal power. Verdant Power, for instance, struggled to keep its turbines running in the powerful currents of
New York City's East River, and was forced to pull prototypes only weeks after they were installed when blades broke. Wave power specialist Pelamis Wave Power has also seen its share of delays and setbacks.
The company is presently operating new, smaller devices with fewer moving parts. The new design anchors three turbines on a triangular frame rather than placing them directly on the riverbed.