Thursday, August 2, 2012

Time Gap Between Climate Change and CO2 Shrinks

This possibly resolves a past problem in which the linkage had the rise in the CO2 occur some several hundred years after the ice loss. The time gap made little sense as the biological response is always far quicker than that. It is still realistically a case of a warming atmosphere forcing the rest though, rather than the rest changing the temperature.

Of course in a warming climate a whole range of factors are changing, but few so much as the general biological profile itself on land and on sea. Yet it clearly lags but is actively changing. That is happening today.

Meanwhile the writers adhere to the Milankowitch cycle theory to explain climatic change in the core record. While I accept that this is enough to likely explain the gentle rises and fall of the climate, it fails to explain the deeper changes that are been observed. I also am skeptical regarding the apparent correlation ginned up to support the position. I have the distinct impression that it would simply disappear if our data became better.

Rise in temperatures and CO2 follow each other closely in climate change

by Staff Writers

Copenhagen, Denmark (SPX) Jul 26, 2012

The greatest climate change the world has seen in the last 100,000 years was the transition from the ice age to the warm interglacial period. New research from the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen indicates that, contrary to previous opinion, the rise in temperature and the rise in the atmospheric CO2 follow each other closely in terms of time. The results have been published in the scientific journal, Climate of the Past.

In the warmer climate the atmospheric content of CO2 is naturally higher. The gas CO2 (carbon dioxide) is a green-house gas that absorbs heat radiation from the Earth and thus keeps the Earth warm. In the shift between ice ages and interglacial periods the atmospheric content of CO2 helps to intensify the natural climate variations.

It had previously been thought that as the temperature began to rise at the end of the ice age approximately 19,000 years ago, an increase in the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere followed with a delay of up to 1,000 years.

"Our analyses of ice cores from the ice sheet in Antarctica shows that the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere follows the rise in Antarctic temperatures very closely and is staggered by a few hundred years at most," explains Sune Olander Rasmussen, Associate Professor and centre coordinator at the Centre for Ice and Climate at the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen.

Deep-sea's important role

The research, which was carried out in collaboration with researchers from the University of Tasmania in Australia, is based on measurements of ice cores from five boreholes through the ice sheet in Antarctica.

The ice sheet is formed by snow that doesn't melt, but remains year after year and is gradually compressed into kilometers thick ice. During the compression, air is trapped between the snowflakes and as a result the ice contains tiny samples of ancient atmospheres. The composition of the ice also shows what the temperature was when the snow fell, so the ice is an archive of past climate and atmospheric composition.

"The ice cores show a nearly synchronous relationship between the temperature in Antarctica and the atmospheric content of CO2, and this suggests that it is the processes in the deep-sea around Antarctica that play an important role in the CO2 increase," explains Sune Olander Rasmussen.

He explains that one of the theories is that when Antarctica warms up, there will be stronger winds over the Southern Ocean and the winds pump more water up from the deep bottom layers in the ocean where there is a high content of CO2 from all of the small organisms that die and fall down to the sea floor and rot.

When strong winds blow over the Southern Ocean, the ocean circulation brings more of the CO2-rich bottom water up to the surface and a portion of this CO2 is released into the atmosphere. This process links temperature and CO2 together and the new results suggest that the linking is closer and happens faster than previously believed.

Climatic impact

The global temperature changed naturally because of the changing solar radiation caused by variations in the Earth's orbit around the Sun, the Earth's tilt and the orientation of the Earth's axis. These are called the Milankowitch cycles and occur in periods of approximately 100,000, 42,000, and 22,000 years.

These are the cycles that cause the Earth's climate to shift between long ice ages of approximately 100,000 years and warm interglacial periods, typically 10,000 - 15,000 years. The natural warming of the climate was intensified by the increased amount of CO2 in the atmosphere.

"What we are observing in the present day is the mankind has caused the CO2 content in the atmosphere to rise as much in just 150 years as it rose over 8,000 years during the transition from the last ice age to the current interglacial period and that can bring the Earth's climate out of balance," explains Sune Olander Rasmussen.

Adding "That is why it is even more important that we have a good grip on which processes caused the climate of the past to change, because the same processes may operate in addition to the anthropogenic changes we see today. In this way the climate of the past helps us to understand how the various parts of the climate systems interact and what we can expect in the future


F. said...

As temperatures rise, the solubility of CO2 in water decreases, allowing more CO2 to evaporate up into the atmosphere.

The increase in CO2 levels isn't a primary cause of warming, it's a secondary positive feedback due to the warming caused by the sun.

The total warming that has occurred in the last 150 years is only 0.8°C. Less than 10% of the warming comes from the greenhouse effect. Since 95% of greenhouse gases is water vapor, less than 0.5% of that increase is due to increased levels of CO2. Since only 4% of CO2 comes from human activity, that means that human activity is only responsible for 0.00016°C of the warming in the last 150 years.

0.8°C X 0.1 X 0.05 X 0.04 = 0.00016°C

These numbers are just approximations, but you get the idea!

So how many more billions does everyone think that we should spend trying to mitigate man made global warming?

The most ironic part of this monstrous hoax, is that



Anonymous said...

thanks for sharing.