Thursday, August 28, 2014

Who Discovered America with Gavin Menzies

'Who Discovered America?'

I had the welcome pleasure of reading this new offering by Gavin Menzies. What he has done is provide a way station for collecting scrapes of data from around thev world that targets evidence of plausible colonizing activity by separate groups in the Americas in particular. What happens when the public becomes engaged is that rather than having a suggestive item out of place, we now have an ample patterrn of supporting data.

This is night and day compared to the historical situation in which even excellent archeological foeld work goes into storage and become forgotten allowing lazy scholars to simply dismiss sporatic evidence as it wanders in. Men die and knowledge dies this way.

So this is good news. We have some conjectures to add to our tool kit.

1 We already have my expanded conjecture for Atlantean culture that initiated all global civilizations and pyramid building in particular that encompasses Bimini, Atlantis, the Mississippi Valley and Lake Superior copper and all of the high cultures throughout Mesoamerica and Brazil and the Andes. This started seriously well before 2400 BC and was already fully optimized then. It lasted intact until 1159 BC and staggered on in pieces thereafter. This is a full 1500 years of a united global history that introduced metal technology everywhere and was the global currency. I anticipate a real population in excess of 100,000,000,000 globally.

2 Chinese shipping rose after the collapse of Atlantean shipping and emerged fully in the first millennia of the current era. It developed a significant deep sea holding technology and they needed it to handle typhoons. This naturally promoted colonizing fleets to settle in prospective locales. Gavin has collected ample evidence to confirm major colonies along the western seaboard that include all the natural harbors. The colonies themselves would be in the thousands at the least. Better yet, the chinese junks provided excellent capacity to retain communication with the homelands involved. It becomes reasonable that this was sustained as an enterprise almost completely independent of the central government. It also allowed them to escape if thought needed.

3 It only gets better on the East Coast. The evidence has expanded for the Cape Breton complex in nova Scotia which provides a natural landfall for a fleet coming from China around the Cape off South Africa. They mined here from at least 1435 through 1550's and then smartly packed their bags and left. They may have no longer been able to justify the mining proposition itself or the incresing treat of conflict with Europeans warned them off. The population may well have then joined the Chinese colonies already in the Carolinas and become largely integrated with the local populations.

My take home is that the scale of this enterprise far exceeded anything tat I had imagined.

Does this map from 1418 prove historian's controversial claim that the New World was discovered by the CHINESE 70 years before Columbus?

  • Gavin Menzies, a British historian, claims Chiense Admiral Zheng He set up colonies and sailed round South America before Columbus

  • Menzies' new book, 'Who Discovered America?' also claims the Chinese have been sailing to the New World since 40,000 BC across the Pacific Ocean

  • His theories are not widely accepted by academia and he has been labeled a 'pseudo-historian'


PUBLISHED: 12:42 GMT, 8 October 2013

A copy of a 600-year-old map found in a second-hand book shop is the key to proving that the Chinese, not Christopher Columbus, were the first to discover the New World, a controversial British historian claims.

The document is purportedly an 18th century copy of a 1418 map charted by Chinese Admiral Zheng He, which appears to show the New World in some detail.

This purported evidence that a Chinese sailor mapped the Western Hemisphere more than seven decades before Columbus is just one of Earth-shattering claims that author Gavin Menzies makes in his new book ‘Who Discovered America?’ - out today, just in time for the Columbus Day holiday.

The traditional story of Columbus discovering the New World is absolute fantasy, it’s fairy tales,’ Mr Menzies told MailOnline.

Mr Menzies believes that this portion of the map depicts the Chinese mapping of North and South America in 1418 - showing major rivers.

Explorer: Chinese Admiral Zheng He is known to have sailed the to Europe and Africa with a massive fleet of ships. Historian Gavin Menzies says he also reached the New World

Among Menzies other claims are that the first inhabitants of the Western hemisphere didn’t come over land from the Bering Strait, but instead were Chinese sailors who first crossed the Pacific Ocean 40,000 years ago.

He also writes that DNA markers prove American Indians and other natives are the descendants of several waves of Asian settlers.

Furthermore, he says a majestic fleet of Chinese ships, commanded by Zheng He, sailed around the continent of South America - 100 years before Ferdinand Megellan supposedly became the first the undertake the task.

Columbus features heavily in the book - insofar as Menzies has devoted the last 20 years to finding and laying out evidence that Columbus not only didn’t discover America - he was 40 millenia late.

Mr Menzies believes that Columbus actually had a map of the world that was plotted by the Chinese Admiral Zheng He, who created the map when he sailed to the New World in 1421, more than seven decades before Columbus.

Mr Menzies believes that this portion of the map depicts the Chinese mapping of North and South America in 1418 - showing major rivers.

His book includes what Menzies says is a copy of that map. discovered by Beijing attorney Liu Gang in a second-hand bookshop that he says proves his theory.

The document, he says, is an 18th century copy of Admiral Zheng He's 1417 map. Mr Menzies argues that it clearly shows North American rivers and coasts, as well as the continent of South America.

Mr Menzie's assertion about Zheng He's voyage to the New World isn't new - he first wrote about it in 2002 - but the map is.

Mr Liu had the map authenticated by an appraiser from Christie's Auctions, who said that the document was 'very old' and was not a newly-made fake.

After Mr Liu brought the map forward, Menzies also had a team of historians analyze every word on it. He concluded that it was originally written in the Ming Dynasty - a Chinese period that lasted from 1368 to 1644.

In the region of the map that Mr Menzies believes refers to Peru are written the inscriptions - 'Here the people practiced the religion of Paracas' and 'Here the people practice human sacrifice' - clear references peoples known to have inhabited Peru at the time.

The map is further corroborated, Mr Menzies says, by the Chinese names of numerous towns and regions in Peru.

He says old Peruvian maps show places with names like Chawan - Chinese for 'land prepared for sowing' and Chulin - 'wood or forest.'

Ko-Lan - a remote Peruvian town at the bottom of a ravine translates to 'difficult passage.' 
Controversial: Gavin Menzies, 76, has been arguing for more than a decade that the Chinese and other Asians discovered the Ne World. 'Who Discovered America? - due out today - is his fourth book on the topic

Mr Menzies calls the story that Christopher Columbus' discovered America in 1492 a 'fairy tale' - saying he was not only not the first explorer - he was 40,000 years late

Mr Menzies has no formal training as a historian and no advanced degree from a major university - he was a submariner in the British Royal Navy - but he can no longer be called an ‘amateur.’
Who Discovered America?’ is Menzie’s fourth book in which he tries to re-write history and orient it East.

He has plowed millions of dollars of his proceeds from his books into continuing his world-traveling research into his theories. He has turned his north London home into a de facto research institute, employing up to six research assistants at a time.

But his theories are not accepted by the mainstream academic community. In 2008, University of London history professor Felipe Fernandez-Armesto told the Daily Telegraph that his books are 'the historical equivalent of stories about Elvis Presley in (the supermarket) and close encounters with alien hamsters.'

Even Wikipedia characterizes Menzies as a 'pseudo-historian.'

That has not stopped him from gaining millions of readers - and thousands of followers who contribute to his website and contribute research of their own. 
Menzies say this map of the Ancash province of Peru shows numerous Chinese names of villages
Each of these dots represents a Peruvian town that reportedly has a Chinese name. It is claimed this is evidence of Chinese colonization before Columbus

Mr Menzies debuted his Asia-centric theories with 2002's '1421: The Year China Discovered the World.' In it, he said that the famed Chinese sailor Admiral Zheng He, who is known to have reached Europe and Africa, also crossed the Pacific Ocean to the Western Hemisphere.

He claims that Zheng He not only reached the New World, he left colonies there. His fleet also sailed around the tip of South America - through the Strait of Megellan around the Gulf of Mexico and up the Mississippi. 

There is evidence, both archaeological and genetic, Menzies says, that Zheng He left his mark in California, Florida, Virginia and even the Outer Banks of North Carolina. 

In 'Who Discovered America?' Menzies focuses on theories that Asians also made it to North and South America by sea long before even Zheng He. 

'It appears certain that man reached the Americas by sea at least forty thousands years ago,' Menzies writes.
This Venetian map was made from information brought back from China by Marco Polo and Nicolo da Conti. Mr Menzies says it shows North and Central America - upside-down, oriented with north at the bottom

'Doubtless this date will be continuously pushed back, probably to 100,000 BC, which was when the first peoples sailed the Mediterranean to Crete and (separately) in the south from Asia to Australia.'

Most scientists believe man first widely populated the Western Hemisphere 13,000 to 16,500 years ago. 

The almost universally-held theory among academics is that man came to the New World by crossing the Bering Strait land-bridge between Asia and North America. 

'The more I thought about the Bering Straight theory of populating the Americas, the more ridiculous it became,' Mr Menzies writes about his investigation of the topic

Mr Menzies says the idea that man was able to cross the Pacific Ocean around 40,000 BC isn't nearly as dramatic as it seems. 

'If you just go out in a plastic bath tub, the currents will just carry you there,' he told MailOnline. 'They just came with the current, it’s as simple as that.'

He added: 'There’s nothing terribly remarkable about. Man has been seafaring for vastly longer than convention credit has given them credit for.'

  • 'Who Discovered America? The Untold History of the Peopling of the Americas' by Gavin Menzies, published by William Morrow, is due out today.

Menzies say this map of the Ancash province of Peru shows numerous Chinese names of villages

Each of these dots represents a Peruvian town that reportedly has a Chinese name. It is claimed this is evidence of Chinese colonization before Columbus

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