We discuss and comment on the role agriculture will play in the containment of the CO2 problem and address protocols for terraforming the planet Earth.
A model farm template is imagined as the central methodology. A broad range of timely science news and other topics of interest are commented on.
Wednesday, April 10, 2013
Icelands Growing Violcanic Threat
For some reason these researchers have not connected the dots. In
1159 BC Hekla blew and shut down agriculture in Northern Europe for a
stunning twenty years, The fact that I think much more than that
actually happened does not have to be accepted to confront the
reality of tree ring analysis. That describes a horrific disaster.
Thus normal volcanic activity as we have seen forever, is a mere
inconvenience. Knowing it can be far worse is known also as
prudence. The good news is that these events are wonderfully
However, we have plenty of unfriendly local nasties to ensure
inevitability. Japan is loaded and we have Mt Baker to look at.
They are all best described as mature or locked and cocked. Europe
also has Mt Vesuvius and Naples.
Yet Iceland as a group is best described as almost continuously
brewing up. I like to keep an eye on it because we already know what
it can do.
say some Icelandic volcanoes could produce eruptions just as
explosive as those in the Pacific Rim, with disruptive ash clouds.
had thought that Icelandic magma was less "fizzy" --
containing less volcanic gases like carbon dioxide -- than that in
Pacific Ocean volcanoes, and expected much less explosive eruptions
However, research by
Britain's The Open University and Lancaster University said they've
found evidence of Icelandic magma twice as "fizzy" as
previously believed, increasing the likelihood of future eruptions
like that of the Eyjafjallajokull volcano in 2010 that created ash
clouds that disrupted air travel over large parts of Europe.
analyzed pumice and lava from an eruption at Iceland's Torfajokull
volcano some 70,000 years ago to search for evidence of the levels of
gases from water and carbon dioxide in the eruption.
"I was amazed by
what I found," Lancaster University doctoral student Jacqui Owen
said. "I measured up to 5 percent of water in the inclusions,
more than double what was expected for Iceland, and similar in fact
to the values for explosive eruptions in the Pacific 'Ring of Fire'.
"We knew the
Torfajokull volcanic eruption was huge -- almost 100 times bigger
than recent eruptions in Iceland -- but now we also know it was
The researchers said
their study shows Icelandic volcanoes have the power to generate the
fine ash capable of being transported long distances and cause
disruption across Europe.
With worrying evidence
of increased volcanic activity, "Iceland's position close to
mainland Europe and the north Atlantic flight corridors means air
travel could be affected again," Lancaster researcher Hugh